4,735 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An external sodium ion binding site controls allosteric gating in TRPV1 channels

    Andres Jara-Oseguera et al.
    Allosteric gating in a transient receptor potential channel is modulated by external sodium ions and a tarantula toxin.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates NLRP3-dependent inflammation in cystic fibrosis

    Thomas Scambler et al.
    Dysfunction and overexpression of ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates activation of NLRP3-inflammasome mediated inflammation in cells with CF-associated mutations and is modulated by inhibition of these amiloride-sensitive sodium (Na+) channels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular principles of assembly, activation, and inhibition in epithelial sodium channel

    Sigrid Noreng et al.
    The in-depth structural and functional work provide a deeper understanding as to how the epithelial sodium channel is a heteromeric ion channel that is regulated by Na+ and proteolysis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sodium channels implement a molecular leaky integrator that detects action potentials and regulates neuronal firing

    Marco A Navarro et al.
    Kinetic interactions between sodium channels and auxiliary factors create a molecular computational engine that can sense and regulate cellular excitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitation of medium spiny neurons by ‘inhibitory’ ultrapotent chemogenetics via shifts in chloride reversal potential

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    Modifying membrane potential by an 'inhibitory' chloride conductance such as PSAM4-GlyR is inherently unstable because the normally low intracellular concentration of chloride is readily increased by influx of chloride.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biophysical mechanisms in the mammalian respiratory oscillator re-examined with a new data-driven computational model

    Ryan S Phillips et al.
    Computational modeling motivated by recent experiments clarifies biophysical mechanisms generating the rhythm and amplitude of breathing at the level of neurons and brain circuits in mammals.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bmal1 integrates mitochondrial metabolism and macrophage activation

    Ryan K Alexander et al.
    Macrophage Bmal1 controls the timing of the glycolytic to oxidative metabolism transition that dictates the extent of Hif-1a activation and the associated inflammatory response.
    1. Neuroscience

    A deleterious Nav1.1 mutation selectively impairs telencephalic inhibitory neurons derived from Dravet Syndrome patients

    Yishan Sun et al.
    A human cellular model of a prototypical form of intractable childhood epilepsy supports selective impairment of inhibitory neurons as a key pathophysiological mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ir56d-dependent fatty acid responses in Drosophila uncover taste discrimination between different classes of fatty acids

    Elizabeth B Brown et al.
    The taste system of fruit flies is activated by broad classes of fatty acids and can discriminate between different classes, revealing previously underappreciated complexity in the coding of tastants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing interneurons are impaired in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome

    Kevin M Goff, Ethan M Goldberg
    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing GABAergic interneurons in cerebral cortex express the sodium channel subunit Nav1.1, and a defined subset of VIP interneurons are dysfunctional in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome.

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