2,509 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Properties of multivesicular release from mouse rod photoreceptors support transmission of single-photon responses

    Cassandra L Hays et al.
    To improve the reliability of transmitting small single-photon voltage responses, rod photoreceptor cells release synaptic vesicles in regularly timed multivesicular events that are exquisitely sensitive to small voltage changes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Identification of human glucocorticoid response markers using integrated multi-omic analysis from a randomized crossover trial

    Dimitrios Chantzichristos et al.
    A human experimental model for physiological glucocorticoid exposure and glucocorticoid withdrawal identifies a multi-omic cluster, including microRNA miR-122-5p and metabolites, associated with glucocorticoid-responsive genes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Unmasking coupling between channel gating and ion permeation in the muscle nicotinic receptor

    John R Strikwerda, Steven M Sine
    Mutating a highly conserved intramembrane salt bridge unmasks structural and functional coupling between channel gating and ion permeation in the muscle nicotinic receptor.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Control and regulation of acetate overflow in Escherichia coli

    Pierre Millard et al.
    Elucidating the control and regulation of acetate overflow in E. coli reveals that acetate is not only an end-product but also a co-substrate and a global regulator of glucose metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A polarity pathway for exocyst-dependent intracellular tube extension

    Joshua Abrams, Jeremy Nance
    Lumen extension in intracellular tubes relies on a molecular pathway involving Rho GTPase signaling, cell polarity, and vesicle-tethering proteins.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Three-dimensional reconstruction of a whole insect reveals its phloem sap-sucking mechanism at nano-resolution

    Xin-Qiu Wang et al.
    3D reconstruction for an insect provides new internal structures at nanometer resolution, and the reconstructed feeding insect reveals unexpected contraction of stylet protractors and suggested a novel phloem sap-sucking model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic functional analysis of rab GTPases reveals limits of neuronal robustness to environmental challenges in flies

    Friederike E Kohrs et al.
    The first complete null mutant collection of all rab GTPase genes in a multicellular organism uncovers neuronal development and function sensitive to environmental challenges in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin-7 places dense-core vesicles at the cell membrane to promote Munc13-2- and Ca2+-dependent priming

    Bassam Tawfik et al.
    Synaptotagmin-7 acts synergistically with synaptotagmin-1 by placing vesicles close to the plasma membrane within reach of the SNARE/Munc13-complex, supporting their priming and setting the stage for fast and slow fusion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The dimeric Golgi protein Gorab binds to Sas6 as a monomer to mediate centriole duplication

    Agnieszka Fatalska et al.
    The dual functional protein, Gorab, associates with the Golgi as a dimer but as a monomer with the procentriole cartwheel protein, Sas6, to mediate centriole duplication.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Selenium supplementation inhibits IGF-1 signaling and confers methionine restriction-like healthspan benefits to mice

    Jason D Plummer et al.
    Dietary selenium supplementation confers to mice all of the short-term healthspan benefits of the longevity-promoting intervention methionine restriction, and thus may represent a method to promote healthy aging in mammals.

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