6,123 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and transport mechanism of the sodium/proton antiporter MjNhaP1

    Cristina Paulino et al.
    The inward-open and outward-open structures of MjNhaP1 explain the mechanism of electroneutral sodium-proton antiport across the cell membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and substrate ion binding in the sodium/proton antiporter PaNhaP

    David Wöhlert et al.
    The X-ray structure of the PaNhaP provides a unique view of substrate-ion binding and release in electroneutral sodium/proton antiporters.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cannabidiol interactions with voltage-gated sodium channels

    Lily Goodyer Sait et al.
    The high resolution crystal structure and electrophysiology of a sodium channel complex with cannabidiol, a drug approved for treatment of severe epilepsies, demonstrate the basis for its structural- functional effects.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    pH- and sodium-induced changes in a sodium/proton antiporter

    Cristina Paulino, Werner Kühlbrandt
    Sodium ions but not protons induce defined helix movements in a sodium/proton antiporter and suggest a mechanism for Na + binding and transport.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An external sodium ion binding site controls allosteric gating in TRPV1 channels

    Andres Jara-Oseguera et al.
    Allosteric gating in a transient receptor potential channel is modulated by external sodium ions and a tarantula toxin.
    1. Neuroscience

    FGF14 modulates resurgent sodium current in mouse cerebellar Purkinje neurons

    Haidun Yan et al.
    The N-terminus of the FGF14b isoform promotes the inactivation of voltage-gated Na+ channels to regulate the resurgent Na+ channel current needed for high frequency action potentials.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A tunable refractive index matching medium for live imaging cells, tissues and model organisms

    Tobias Boothe et al.
    Iodixanol supplementation provides a simple method for tuning the refractive index of live imaging media, which can greatly improve resolution and penetration depth in live imaging experiments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic sodium spikes are required for long-term potentiation at distal synapses on hippocampal pyramidal neurons

    Yujin Kim et al.
    At distal synapses onto hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, synaptic plasticity is dependent on dendritically initiated sodium spikes, thus establishing a new role for voltage-gated sodium channels in the dendrites that may have important implications for how learning rules are implemented.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gi/o protein-coupled receptors in dopamine neurons inhibit the sodium leak channel NALCN

    Fabian Philippart, Zayd M Khaliq
    The sodium leak NALCN channel functions as a core effector of GABA-B and D2 receptors that is used along with GIRK channels to regulate action potential firing in dopamine neurons.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates NLRP3-dependent inflammation in cystic fibrosis

    Thomas Scambler et al.
    Dysfunction and overexpression of ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates activation of NLRP3-inflammasome mediated inflammation in cells with CF-associated mutations and is modulated by inhibition of these amiloride-sensitive sodium (Na+) channels.

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