445 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    NHE6 depletion corrects ApoE4-mediated synaptic impairments and reduces amyloid plaque load

    Theresa Pohlkamp et al.
    Genetic disruption of sodium-hydrogen exchanger 6 (NHE6) reduces amyloid plaques in humanized Alzheimer's disease mouse models and restores normal synaptic responses to neuromodulatory input in humanized ApoE4-expressing animals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The cooperative binding of TDP-43 to GU-rich RNA repeats antagonizes TDP-43 aggregation

    Juan Carlos Rengifo-Gonzalez et al.
    The RNA-mediated higher order assembly of TDP-43, a protein associated with neurodegenerative diseases, preserves its solubility by reducing the risk of multivalent interactions between low complexity domains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An improved fluorescent noncanonical amino acid for measuring conformational distributions using time-resolved transition metal ion FRET

    William N Zagotta et al.
    Time-resolved transition metal ion fluorescence resonance energy transfer using a fluorescent, noncanonical amino acid donor and metal ion acceptor measures distances and distance distributions in proteins, allowing the equilibrium distributions among conformational states to be accurately determined.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanically transduced immunosorbent assay to measure protein-protein interactions

    Christopher J Petell et al.
    METRIS is a method that reports a mechanical readout of protein-protein interactions and due to its unique properties, it will allow many protein-protein interactions to be quantitatively measured easily that are currently laborious to measure with conventional methods.
    1. Cell Biology

    Age-dependent changes in protein incorporation into collagen-rich tissues of mice by in vivo pulsed SILAC labelling

    Yoanna Ariosa-Morejon et al.
    Protein dynamics signatures in ageing collagen-rich tissues that are central to frequent age-related diseases such as osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cytosolic aggregation of mitochondrial proteins disrupts cellular homeostasis by stimulating the aggregation of other proteins

    Urszula Nowicka et al.
    Defective mitochondrial protein import results in protein aggregation and a specific chaperone response in the cytosol, causatively linking mitochondrial function and cellular protein homeostasis disturbances observed in neurodegeneration.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Continuous attractors for dynamic memories

    Davide Spalla et al.
    A neural network model with asymmetric synaptic interactions can store and retrieve multiple continuous memory sequences with their temporal structure.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Hsp40s play complementary roles in the prevention of tau amyloid formation

    Rose Irwin et al.
    Chaperones from different families and classes synergistically target different stages of tau aggregation, thus preventing pathological amyloid formation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Large-scale phenotypic drug screen identifies neuroprotectants in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Liyun Zhang et al.
    Using a cross-species phenotypic drug discovery pipeline, compounds promoting rod photoreceptor survival in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa were identified, evidence of additive effects of paired compounds and inhibition of PARP-dependent cell death suggest novel therapeutic strategies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Subventricular zone/white matter microglia reconstitute the empty adult microglial niche in a dynamic wave

    Lindsay A Hohsfield et al.
    In an empty microglial niche, repopulating microglia arise from subventricular zone and white matter-associated areas without contributions from the bone marrow to fill the mouse brain via a spreading wave.

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