20 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar involvement in an evidence-accumulation decision-making task

    Ben Deverett et al.
    In a new evidence-accumulation decision-making task, activity of the lateral posterior cerebellum is necessary for accurate performance, and somatic and dendritic activity in Purkinje cells contains choice/evidence and error-related information.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cross-modality enhancement of defensive flight via parvalbumin neurons in zonal incerta

    Xiyue Wang et al.
    Parvalbumin positive GABAergic neurons in the ventral zona incerta receive input from somatosensory cortex and enhance sound-induced flight behavior, which underlies a cross-modality facilitation of defensive behavior by somatosensory input.
    1. Neuroscience

    A zebrafish and mouse model for selective pruritus via direct activation of TRPA1

    Kali Esancy et al.
    A pain-relaying ion channel on a hypersensitive population of sensory neurons can instead elicit sensations of itch in both fish and mice when directly activated, providing a novel model of itch transduction.
    1. Neuroscience

    A conserved morphogenetic mechanism for epidermal ensheathment of nociceptive sensory neurites

    Nan Jiang et al.
    Epidermal cells in vertebrates and invertebrates ensheath portions of somatosensory neurons via a conserved morphogenetic mechanism, and this ensheathment regulates morphogenesis and function of Drosophila nociceptive neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sparse genetic tracing reveals regionally specific functional organization of mammalian nociceptors

    William Olson et al.
    Single-nociceptor tracing reveals a novel somatotopic organization for the mammalian pain system, and physiological recordings and peripheral optogenetic behavior assays suggest that it is a possible mechanism underlying region-specific pain sensation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Olfactory receptor neurons use gain control and complementary kinetics to encode intermittent odorant stimuli

    Srinivas Gorur-Shandilya et al.
    Olfactory receptor neurons adapt to odorant mean and variance and use complementary kinetics to preserve the timing of odorant encounters, despite adaptation slowing down transduction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Obtaining and maintaining cortical hand representation as evidenced from acquired and congenital handlessness

    Daan B Wesselink et al.
    fMRI results show that despite arm amputation, and varying degrees of phantom sensations, canonical hand representation in primary somatosensory cortex is largely maintained.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Definition of two agonist types at the mammalian cold-activated channel TRPM8

    Annelies Janssens et al.
    Two natural cooling agents activate the cold-activated channel TRPM8 via two opposite mechanisms, evoking distinct electrical responses in cold-sensitive neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vocalization–whisking coordination and multisensory integration of social signals in rat auditory cortex

    Rajnish P Rao et al.
    Snout-to-snout contact modulates the response of rat auditory cortex to calls from other animals, indicating that the multisensory nature of social interaction is directly represented in the rat brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tapered whiskers are required for active tactile sensation

    Samuel Andrew Hires et al.
    The tapered, conical shape of rodent whiskers is essential for sensor mobility in constrained spaces and feature extraction from textured surfaces.

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