2,237 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal timescales are functionally dynamic and shaped by cortical microarchitecture

    Richard Gao et al.
    Invasive electrophysiological recording measures neuronal transmembrane current timescales across human cortex, which lengthens from sensory to association regions, follows variations in ion channel expressions, and alters with behavior and aging.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    FBXL19 recruits CDK-Mediator to CpG islands of developmental genes priming them for activation during lineage commitment

    Emilia Dimitrova et al.
    The ZF-CxxC protein FBXL19 recruits kinase-associated Mediator to CpG islands of silent developmental genes in embryonic stem cells, which primes these genes for activation during differentiation and is required for embryonic development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin improves behavioral and electrophysiological deficits in a novel Shank3-deficient rat

    Hala Harony-Nicolas et al.
    The production, validation and study of a novel rat model for Phelan McDermid Syndrome shows an ameliorative effect of oxytocin on both social and attentional deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-exposure visual memory judgments are reflected in inferotemporal cortex

    Travis Meyer, Nicole C Rust
    In response to the question "Have you seen this image before?", remembering and forgetting can be accounted for by a weighted linear read-out of memory signals in monkey inferotemporal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Filopodial dynamics and growth cone stabilization in Drosophila visual circuit development

    Mehmet Neset Özel et al.
    Long-term live imaging in intact developing Drosophila brains reveals a role for N-Cadherin-mediated fast filopodial dynamics and growth cone stabilization during neural circuit assembly.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Rescue of cognitive function following fractionated brain irradiation in a novel preclinical glioma model

    Xi Feng et al.
    Whole-brain radiotherapy, but not glioma growth in distal region from the hippocampus, results in impaired recognition memory, which can be prevented by CSF-1R inhibitor-mediated microglia depletion.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural-level model of spatial memory and imagery

    Andrej Bicanski, Neil Burgess
    The BB model explains spatial cognition in terms of interactions between specific neuronal populations, providing a common computational framework for the human neuropsychological and in vivo animal electrophysiological literatures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary congruent and opposite neurons achieve concurrent multisensory integration and segregation

    Wen-Hao Zhang et al.
    Opposite neurons in multisensory areas compute the cue disparity information essential for information segregation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic PTPσ regulates postsynaptic NMDA receptor function through direct adhesion-independent mechanisms

    Kyungdeok Kim et al.
    Presynaptic adhesion molecule PTPσ in the hippocampus regulates postsynaptic NMDA receptor function and behavioral novelty recognition through mechanisms independent of their trans-synaptic binding partners.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of phosphatidylcholine recognition by the C2–domain of cytosolic phospholipase A2α

    Yoshinori Hirano et al.
    The C2-domain of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2α is structurally designed to target PC-rich membrane regions to increase the enzymatic efficiency of the catalytic domain, which prefers PCs with polyunsaturated acyl chains.

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