3,986 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local projections of layer Vb-to-Va are more prominent in lateral than in medial entorhinal cortex

    Shinya Ohara et al.
    The connection from layer Vb-to-Va neurons, a key component of the canonical hippocampal-cortical output circuit, which is allegedly crucial for memory consolidation, is relatively stronger in lateral entorhinal cortex compared with the medial entorhinal cortex, thus suggesting different operating principles.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional insights from a surface antigen mRNA-bound proteome

    Larissa Melo do Nascimento et al.
    A robust procedure to purify mRNAs and their associated proteins identify CFB2 as the critical protein that binds and influences the fate of the main virulence factor in Trypanosoma brucei.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The LINC complex transmits integrin-dependent tension to the nuclear lamina and represses epidermal differentiation

    Emma Carley et al.
    Forces stemming from cell-matrix adhesions, but not cell-cell adhesions, are directly transmitted to the nuclear lamina to regulate epidermal cell fate.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generic injuries are sufficient to induce ectopic Wnt organizers in Hydra

    Jack F Cazet et al.
    Injuries activate the oral identity-specifying canonical Wnt signaling pathway in Hydra, which can trigger head regeneration in permissive tissue contexts created by the absence of pre-existing organizers.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal junctophilins recruit specific CaV and RyR isoforms to ER-PM junctions and functionally alter CaV2.1 and CaV2.2

    Stefano Perni, Kurt Beam
    Neuronal junctophilins 3 and 4 similarly recruit and functionally modify P/Q and N-type calcium channels, but differentially recruit the three ryanodine receptor isoforms to endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane junctions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cerebrospinal fluid proteome maps detect pathogen-specific host response patterns in meningitis

    Anahita Bakochi et al.
    Statistical analysis and LASSO regression modeling provide insights into pathogen-specific host response patterns in cerebrospinal fluid from different disease etiologies to support future classification of pathogen type based on host response patterns in meningitis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Action detection using a neural network elucidates the genetics of mouse grooming behavior

    Brian Q Geuther et al.
    A machine learning method for action detection is developed and applied toward mouse grooming behavior.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Medicine

    Cardiovascular disease risk factors induce mesenchymal features and senescence in mouse cardiac endothelial cells

    Karthik Amudhala Hemanthakumar et al.
    Endothelial dysfunction due to cardiovascular disease risk factors explained by cardiac endothelial cell transcriptome remodelling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.

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