4,625 results found
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response in fission yeast modulates stability of select mRNAs to maintain protein homeostasis

    Philipp Kimmig et al.
    A unique form of regulation has been observed in the unfolded protein response of S. pombe, along with a novel mechanism of post-transcriptional mRNA processing.
    1. Cell Biology

    A bacterial sulfonolipid triggers multicellular development in the closest living relatives of animals

    Rosanna A Alegado et al.
    The development of colonies of cells in choanoflagellates, water-dwelling organisms that feed on bacteria, is triggered by the presence of very low concentrations of a lipid molecule produced by certain types of bacteria.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The starvation hormone, fibroblast growth factor-21, extends lifespan in mice

    Yuan Zhang et al.
    Transgenic mice with high levels of FGF21 live for longer than wild-type mice and do so without reducing food intake.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular architecture of human polycomb repressive complex 2

    Claudio Ciferri et al.
    Electron microscopy has been used to produce the first three-dimensional image of the PRC2 gene-silencing complex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sequence specific detection of bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA by TLR13

    Xiao-Dong Li, Zhijian J Chen
    A pattern recognition receptor called toll-like receptor 13 detects pathogens in a manner that is different to that seen in other pathogen sensors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membrane immersion allows rhomboid proteases to achieve specificity by reading transmembrane segment dynamics

    Syed M Moin, Sinisa Urban
    Intramembrane proteases identify target proteins in a different way from other proteases.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Non-canonical TAF complexes regulate active promoters in human embryonic stem cells

    Glenn A Maston et al.
    The transcription machinery used to regulate gene expression and self-renewal in human embryonic stem cells is different from that found in other cells.

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