4,533 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two mechanisms regulate directional cell growth in Arabidopsis lateral roots

    Charlotte Kirchhelle et al.
    In lateral roots, cells employ a novel pathway to cell edges to control directional growth, which acts independently of the leading paradigm of oriented deposition of cellulose microfibrils at faces.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Accelerated phosphatidylcholine turnover in macrophages promotes adipose tissue inflammation in obesity

    Kasparas Petkevicius et al.
    Obesity leads to increased phosphatidylcholine turnover in adipose tissue macrophages that makes them susceptible to saturated fatty acid-induced inflammation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Composition and structure of synaptic ectosomes exporting antigen receptor linked to functional CD40 ligand from helper T cells

    David G Saliba et al.
    TCR and CD40L microclusters are linked in synaptic ectosomes (extracellular vesicles) and released in the immunological synapse by helper T cells and induce dendritic cell maturation and cytokine production.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Cell Biology

    A critical role of VMP1 in lipoprotein secretion

    Hideaki Morishita et al.
    The ER transmembrane protein VMP1 is important for release of lipoproteins from the ER membrane into the ER lumen for secretion.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Photorhabdus asymbiotica virulence cassettes deliver protein effectors directly into target eukaryotic cells

    Isabella Vlisidou et al.
    The insect pathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus has evolved astonishing nano-scale analogues of hypodermic syringes that it uses to inject toxins into host cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A contractile injection system stimulates tubeworm metamorphosis by translocating a proteinaceous effector

    Charles F Ericson et al.
    Bacteria produce a syringe-like structure, loaded with a single protein within the lumen of its needle-like tube, that is sufficient for stimulating animal metamorphosis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Decoding WW domain tandem-mediated target recognitions in tissue growth and cell polarity

    Zhijie Lin et al.
    A systematic and quantitative investigation showing how highly specific WW domain-mediated protein-protein interaction network is organized in cell growth and polarity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural selection and repeated patterns of molecular evolution following allopatric divergence

    Yibo Dong et al.
    The genomic architecture of allopatric species is a mosaic of many conserved genes and a few adaptive ones, reflecting balance between conservation of ancestral functions and evolution of new features.

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