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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ser/Thr kinase Trc controls neurite outgrowth in Drosophila by modulating microtubule-microtubule sliding

    Rosalind Norkett et al.
    Microtubule-microtubule sliding and neurite outgrowth in Drosophila is controlled by a Ser/Thr kinase Tricornered via phosphorylation of a 'mitotic' motor protein Pavarotti.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Hidden long-range memories of growth and cycle speed correlate cell cycles in lineage trees

    Erika E Kuchen et al.
    The combination of statistical inference and perturbation experiments reveals that trans-generational inheritance of cell size and cell-cycle speed, coupled through a minimum-size checkpoint, shapes paradoxical cell-cycle correlations in lineage trees.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures demonstrate human IMPDH2 filament assembly tunes allosteric regulation

    Matthew C Johnson, Justin M Kollman
    Assembly of the human enzyme inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase 2 into filaments promotes substrate-dependent resistance to feedback inhibition by downstream products, promoting increased flux during proliferative states.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Human Neocortical Neurosolver (HNN), a new software tool for interpreting the cellular and network origin of human MEG/EEG data

    Samuel A Neymotin et al.
    Human Neocortical Neurosolver is a new user-friendly software tool for researchers to develop and test hypotheses on cellular/circuit origins of human MEG/EEG signals using a biophysical model.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the AAA protein Msp1 reveals mechanism of mislocalized membrane protein extraction

    Lan Wang et al.
    Msp1 recruits substrates at the open seam of the spiral oligomer and extracts them with functionally adapted elements.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The speed of GTP hydrolysis determines GTP cap size and controls microtubule stability

    Johanna Roostalu et al.
    GTPase-deficient microtubules are hyper-stable and have longer EB binding regions, demonstrating that EBs bind the GTP cap.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The kinesin-5 tail domain directly modulates the mechanochemical cycle of the motor domain for anti-parallel microtubule sliding

    Tatyana Bodrug et al.
    Biochemical, single molecule, cell and structural biology studies reveal an interaction between the kinesin-5 tail and motor domains regulating high-force production, which is critical for microtubule sliding motility.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modulation of the Erwinia ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC) and the 5-HT3 receptor via a common vestibule site

    Marijke Brams et al.
    Development of nanobodies against a model pentameric ligand-gated ion channel demonstrates they can be functionally active as negative or positive allosteric modulators and offers opportunities for future drug development.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Previously undetected super-spreading of Mycobacterium tuberculosis revealed by deep sequencing

    Robyn S Lee et al.
    Incorporating within-host diversity in transmission, as identified by deep sequencing, can significantly change previously-held inferences, with major implications for genomic studies of transmission in tuberculosis and other pathogens as well.