2,006 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    SWELL1 regulates skeletal muscle cell size, intracellular signaling, adiposity and glucose metabolism

    Ashutosh Kumar et al.
    LRRC8A is an essential component of a mechanoresponsive ion channel signaling complex that tunes skeletal muscle differentiation, muscle cell size, function and metabolic pathways to regulate adiposity and systemic glycemia.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Growth-factor-mediated coupling between lineage size and cell fate choice underlies robustness of mammalian development

    Néstor Saiz et al.
    A mechanistic basis is provided for the regulative ability of the mammalian embryo offering a long-sought explanation for coordinating cell behaviors at the population level ensuring robustness in developmental outcome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular dimorphism ensured by regulated proteoglycan dynamics favors rapid umbilical artery closure at birth

    Sumeda Nandadasa et al.
    Morphologic, molecular, biomechanical and computational analyses show that the specialized extracellular matrix architecture of the umbilical artery contributes to its rapid closure at birth and regulates smooth muscle cell differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Shear stimulation of FOXC1 and FOXC2 differentially regulates cytoskeletal activity during lymphatic valve maturation

    Pieter R Norden et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses show that FOXC1 and FOXC2 play a role in controlling lymphatic valve maintenance as key mediators of mechanotransduction to control cytoskeletal organization and RhoA/ROCK signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional properties of CALHM channels of the human placenta

    Katarzyna Drożdżyk et al.
    Members of the calcium homeostasis modulator family expressed in the placenta form large channels with unknown activation properties that harbor a lipid bilayer on the inside of a cylindrical pore.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Coordination of tissue cell polarity by auxin transport and signaling

    Carla Verna et al.
    GNOM controls both auxin transport and auxin signaling to coordinate tissue cell polarity during vein patterning in plants.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1 controls imprinting in the endosperm by binding to domesticated transposons

    Rita A Batista et al.
    Jumping of transposable elements provides DNA-binding sites for the MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1, allowing the regulation of imprinted genes and other key endosperm development genes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Deep evolutionary analysis reveals the design principles of fold A glycosyltransferases

    Rahil Taujale et al.
    Deep mining of GT-A fold sequences provides an evolutionary framework for investigating complex relationships connecting GT-A fold sequence, structure, function and regulation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse TRPA1 function and membrane localization are modulated by direct interactions with cholesterol

    Justyna B Startek et al.
    The activation and membrane localization of the broadly-tuned noxious chemosensory cation channel TRPA1 are regulated by direct interactions with cholesterol via CRAC motifs in transmembane segments 2 and 4.

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