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4,054 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Uncovering the basis of protein-protein interaction specificity with a combinatorially complete library

    Thuy-Lan V Lite et al.
    A generalizable approach to understanding the logic of molecular recognition reveals the contributions of individual residues to the specificity of protein-protein interactions.
    1. Plant Biology

    Calcium specificity signaling mechanisms in abscisic acid signal transduction in Arabidopsis guard cells

    Benjamin Brandt et al.
    The calcium-dependent signaling pathway during ABA-dependent stomatal closure requires the calcium-independent pathway, and calcium signaling specificity is mediated by PP2C protein phosphatases.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Combinatorial bZIP dimers display complex DNA-binding specificity landscapes

    José A Rodríguez-Martínez et al.
    Cognate site identification uncovers the impact of combinatorial dimerization in specifying new DNA binding sites for human bZIP transcription factors and comprehensive specificity landscapes predict the impact of SNPs on bZIP binding at previously unannotated regulatory loci.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular basis of sidekick-mediated cell-cell adhesion and specificity

    Kerry M Goodman et al.
    Crystal structures of synaptic recognition molecules Sidekick-1 and -2 reveal a single homodimer interaction mode responsible for both cell-cell recognition and cis-clustering, suggesting that competition between cis and trans interactions may be critical to specificity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Comprehensive substrate specificity profiling of the human Nek kinome reveals unexpected signaling outputs

    Bert van de Kooij et al.
    The human NimA-related kinases (Neks) recognize divergent substrate motifs, and include Nek10 as a dual-specificity serine/tyrosine kinase, and Nek6, Nek7 and Nek9 as amplifiers of the Plk1 phospho-motif.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular insights into RNA and DNA helicase evolution from the determinants of specificity for a DEAD-box RNA helicase

    Anna L Mallam et al.
    The core domains of an RNA helicase interact with a wide variety of NTPs and nucleic acids suggesting how related enzymes may have evolved to have diverse functions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bottom-up and top-down influences at untrained conditions determine perceptual learning specificity and transfer

    Ying-Zi Xiong et al.
    Perceptual learning is specific because of the absence of bottom-up stimulation and top-down modulation at the untrained conditions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computationally designed high specificity inhibitors delineate the roles of BCL2 family proteins in cancer

    Stephanie Berger et al.
    Six computationally designed and in vitro optimized protein inhibitors serve as molecular probes to reveal BCL2 profiles of different human cancers.
    1. Cell Biology

    A quantitative inventory of yeast P body proteins reveals principles of composition and specificity

    Wenmin Xing et al.
    Quantitative analyses of yeast P bodies reveals a small number of highly concentrated proteins and many weakly concentrated proteins, suggesting that the compartments are compositionally simpler than previously thought.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution of substrate specificity in a retained enzyme driven by gene loss

    Ana Lilia Juárez-Vázquez et al.
    An integrated biochemical and evolutionary analysis shows how enzyme specificity evolves after gene loss during genome decay, implicating relaxation of purifying selection as a driving force for functional divergence.

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