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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Protomer alignment modulates specificity of RNA substrate recognition by Ire1

    Weihan Li et al.
    Biochemical analysis and computational modeling reveal how cells mechanistically control the quality of their proteomes and demonstrate that the precise alignment of subunits in oligomeric complexes can profoundly affect enzymatic properties.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of synaptic specificity by immunoglobulin superfamily receptors in Drosophila

    Shouqiang Cheng et al.
    Fly protein families Dprs and DIPs can create a multitude of complementary interfaces for homo- and heterophilic adhesion complexes, resulting in instructive roles for connectivity in the motor neuron circuitry.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for substrate specificity of the Phactr1/PP1 phosphatase holoenzyme

    Roman O Fedoryshchak et al.
    Interaction of cofactor Phactr1 with PP1 creates a composite substrate-binding surface that defines the sequence specificity of the Phactr1/PP1 holoenzyme.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Origin and evolution of transporter substrate specificity within the NPF family

    Morten Egevang Jørgensen et al.
    Phylogenetic and biochemical analyses reveals a shared evolutionary path between biosynthesis and transport of defense metabolites in plants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fine-tuning of substrate preferences of the Src-family kinase Lck revealed through a high-throughput specificity screen

    Neel H Shah et al.
    A high-throughput comparison of substrate specificities of the Src-family kinases Lck and c-Src against a library of proteome-derived phosphorylation sites reveals that Lck has evolved divergent electrostatic features reflecting its involvement in T-cell signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for allosteric specificity regulation in class Ia ribonucleotide reductase from Escherichia coli

    Christina M Zimanyi et al.
    Substrate and effector bound structures of a bacterial ribonucleotide reductase reveal the molecular basis by which substrate preference is modulated by a distal site on the enzyme.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Antiparallel protocadherin homodimers use distinct affinity- and specificity-mediating regions in cadherin repeats 1-4

    John M Nicoludis et al.
    Clustered and non-clustered protocadherins form antiparallel homodimers in which distinct regions of the extended interface demonstrate a division of labor between driving affinity and determining specificity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Intrinsic sequence specificity of the Cas1 integrase directs new spacer acquisition

    Clare Rollie et al.
    The acquisition of new foreign DNA by the prokaryotic adaptive immune system CRISPR-Cas is shown to depend on the fundamental sequence specificity of the Cas1 integrase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Immunoproteasome functions explained by divergence in cleavage specificity and regulation

    Michael B Winter et al.
    Divergence in immunoproteasome substrate specificity and regulation from the constitutive proteasome impacts peptide cleavage quantity and the cellular capacity of the ubiquitin-proteasome system.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Enforcement of developmental lineage specificity by transcription factor Oct1

    Zuolian Shen et al.
    Oct1 replaces Oct4 at critical targets shortly after ESC differentiation to promote expression of lineage-specific genes and repress lineage-inappropriate genes.