2,244 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Select forelimb muscles have evolved superfast contractile speed to support acrobatic social displays

    Matthew J Fuxjager et al.
    In situ measurements of muscular twitch speed reveal one of the fastest vertebrate limb muscles on record, which evolved in association with extravagant courtship displays that include rapid limb movements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal cortex selects representations of the talker’s mouth to aid in speech perception

    Muge Ozker et al.
    During speech perception, if auditory speech is not informative the frontal cortex will enhance responses in visual regions that represent the mouth of the talker to improve perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural mechanism of speed-accuracy tradeoff in macaque area LIP

    Timothy Hanks et al.
    To establish a trade-off between the speed and accuracy of a decision, neurons in lateral intraparietal cortex combine evidence bearing on the decision with a signal that incorporates the cost of time into the decision-making process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal populations in the occipital cortex of the blind synchronize to the temporal dynamics of speech

    Markus Johannes Van Ackeren et al.
    Blind people re-purpose the brain's visual areas for tracking speech rhythm.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Tuning the speed-accuracy trade-off to maximize reward rate in multisensory decision-making

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Building on previous work (Drugowitsch et al., 2014), it is shown that decision-makers adjust their speed-accuracy trade-off flexibly from one moment to the next, based on evidence available from multiple sensory modalities, in order to nearly maximize their reward rate.
    1. Neuroscience

    A double-sided microscope to realize whole-ganglion imaging of membrane potential in the medicinal leech

    Yusuke Tomina, Daniel A Wagenaar
    For the first time, action potentials and subthreshold postsynaptic potentials of almost all individual identifiable neurons within a functional unit of the leech nervous system were simultaneously imaged during sensory processing and behavioral generation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speech encoding by coupled cortical theta and gamma oscillations

    Alexandre Hyafil et al.
    Computational modelling shows that coupled theta and gamma oscillations in the auditory cortex can decompose speech into its syllabic constituents, and organize the neural spiking at faster timescale into a decodable format.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lip movements entrain the observers’ low-frequency brain oscillations to facilitate speech intelligibility

    Hyojin Park et al.
    Rhythms of lip movements entrain low-frequency brain oscillations and facilitate audiovisual speech processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    The auditory representation of speech sounds in human motor cortex

    Connie Cheung et al.
    Brain activity patterns in motor cortex differ when we listen to speech as opposed to produce it.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contributions of local speech encoding and functional connectivity to audio-visual speech perception

    Bruno L Giordano et al.
    Seeing a speaker's face aids comprehension by facilitating functional connectivity between the temporal and frontal lobes.

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