3,731 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural tracking of speech mental imagery during rhythmic inner counting

    Lingxi Lu et al.
    A disassociated neural network underlies the dynamic construction of speech mental imagery independent of auditory perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    Linguistic processing of task-irrelevant speech at a cocktail party

    Paz Har-shai Yahav, Elana Zion Golumbic
    Syntactic structure-building processes can be applied to speech that is task-irrelevant and should be ignored, demonstrating that Selective Attention does not fully eliminate linguistic processing of competing speech.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered functional connectivity during speech perception in congenital amusia

    Kyle Jasmin et al.
    Individuals with amusia, who have unreliable pitch processing, show decreased functional connectivity between right auditory and left language-related cortex during speech perception, demonstrating a neural basis for compensatory dimensional weighting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrating prediction errors at two time scales permits rapid recalibration of speech sound categories

    Itsaso Olasagasti, Anne-Lise Giraud
    Keeping flexible adaptable representations of speech categories at different time scales allows the brain to maintain stable perception in the face of varying speech sound characteristics.
    1. Neuroscience

    A double-sided microscope to realize whole-ganglion imaging of membrane potential in the medicinal leech

    Yusuke Tomina, Daniel A Wagenaar
    For the first time, action potentials and subthreshold postsynaptic potentials of almost all individual identifiable neurons within a functional unit of the leech nervous system were simultaneously imaged during sensory processing and behavioral generation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speech encoding by coupled cortical theta and gamma oscillations

    Alexandre Hyafil et al.
    Computational modelling shows that coupled theta and gamma oscillations in the auditory cortex can decompose speech into its syllabic constituents, and organize the neural spiking at faster timescale into a decodable format.
    1. Neuroscience

    Poor coherence in older people's speech is explained by impaired semantic and executive processes

    Paul Hoffman et al.
    Remaining focused on the topic at hand when speaking depends on effective selection of task-relevant semantic knowledge, and declines in this ability account for increases in off-topic speech in older people.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    High-speed, three-dimensional imaging reveals chemotactic behaviour specific to human-infective Leishmania parasites

    Rachel C Findlay et al.
    High-speed holographic microscopy shows that Leishmania parasites modify their swimming behaviour to target human macrophages.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid computations of spectrotemporal prediction error support perception of degraded speech

    Ediz Sohoglu, Matthew H Davis
    Analysis of speech acoustics and human brain activity reveals the neural computations by which listeners combine speech input with prior expectations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contributions of local speech encoding and functional connectivity to audio-visual speech perception

    Bruno L Giordano et al.
    Seeing a speaker's face aids comprehension by facilitating functional connectivity between the temporal and frontal lobes.

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