718 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Individual differences in selective attention predict speech identification at a cocktail party

    Daniel Oberfeld, Felicitas Klöckner-Nowotny
    Cocktail-party listening performance in normal-hearing listeners is associated with the ability to focus attention on a target stimulus in the presence of distractors.
    1. Neuroscience

    S-cone photoreceptors in the primate retina are functionally distinct from L and M cones

    Jacob Baudin et al.
    Heterogeneity in perceptual sensitivity of human cone-mediated vision across wavelength originates in the cone photoreceptors, where S cones exhibit distinct functional properties in comparison to L and M cones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct translation of climbing fiber burst-mediated sensory coding into post-synaptic Purkinje cell dendritic calcium

    Seung-Eon Roh et al.
    Purkinje cell dendritic calcium response is finely controlled by the burst activity of climbing fiber during sensory coding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inference of nonlinear receptive field subunits with spike-triggered clustering

    Nishal P Shah et al.
    Nonlinear receptive field subunits in retinal ganglion cells are isolated and characterized by clustering spike-triggered stimuli, and validated on population responses to naturalistic and novel closed loop stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated neuronal ensembles in primary auditory cortical columns

    Jermyn Z See et al.
    Auditory cortical columns contain small subsets of neurons with highly synchronous activity (cNEs) that create robust sequences of coordinated activity suitable for enhanced information processing and signal transmission beyond the capability of individual neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    CaImAn an open source tool for scalable calcium imaging data analysis

    Andrea Giovannucci et al.
    CaImAn is an open-software package that equips the neuroscience community with a set of turnkey, fast and scalable solutions to pre-processing problems arising in single cell calcium imaging data analysis.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Fast deep neural correspondence for tracking and identifying neurons in C. elegans using semi-synthetic training

    Xinwei Yu et al.
    A deep neural network trained on semi-synthetic data learns to quickly track and identify neurons in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Graphical-model framework for automated annotation of cell identities in dense cellular images

    Shivesh Chaudhary et al.
    Unbiased and automatic annotation using structured prediction framework with efficiently built data-driven atlases is more accurate than registration-based methods for cell identifications in dense images and enables fast whole-brain analysis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long ascending propriospinal neurons provide flexible, context-specific control of interlimb coordination

    Amanda M Pocratsky et al.
    Conditional silencing of long ascending propriospinal neurons disrupts interlimb coordination of the fore and hindlimb pairs, but in a highly context-specific manner.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shared and modality-specific brain regions that mediate auditory and visual word comprehension

    Anne Keitel et al.
    The comprehension of acoustic and visual speech depends on modality-specific pathways in the brain, which explains why auditory speech abilities and lip reading are not associated in typical adults.

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