114 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural mechanism of speed-accuracy tradeoff in macaque area LIP

    Timothy Hanks et al.
    To establish a trade-off between the speed and accuracy of a decision, neurons in lateral intraparietal cortex combine evidence bearing on the decision with a signal that incorporates the cost of time into the decision-making process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Confidence predicts speed-accuracy tradeoff for subsequent decisions

    Kobe Desender et al.
    Neural coding of previous-trial confidence affects current decision policy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct mechanisms mediate speed-accuracy adjustments in cortico-subthalamic networks

    Damian M Herz et al.
    Dynamic changes in activity and connectivity of the human subthalamic nucleus reflect whether a decision will be made in haste or with caution.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A mechanism for hunchback promoters to readout morphogenetic positional information in less than a minute

    Jonathan Desponds et al.
    Maternal positional information in the fly embryo can be read rapidly in spite of the gene-expression bottleneck and general examples of regulatory architectures that combine speed and accuracy are provided.
    1. Ecology

    Genomic adaptations in information processing underpin trophic strategy in a whole-ecosystem nutrient enrichment experiment

    Jordan G Okie et al.
    Trait-based metagenomic analysis of an ecosystem fertilization experiment shows that genomic traits that affect the costs and rates of biochemical information-processing mediate community assembly.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus supports deliberation during value-based decisions

    Akram Bakkour et al.
    The deliberation involved in simple preference decisions, such as those between two familiar snacks, depends on the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Olfactory connectivity mediates sleep-dependent food choices in humans

    Surabhi Bhutani et al.
    Sleep deprivation enhances energy-dense food choices and encoding of olfactory information in the human brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of task outcome on implicit motor learning

    Hyosub E Kim et al.
    During a sensorimotor perturbation, task outcome may serve as a gain on implicit adaptation or provide a distinct error signal for a second, independent implicit learning process.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness effects of altering gene expression noise in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Fabien Duveau et al.
    The impact of changing gene expression noise on fitness reveals beneficial or deleterious effects in a stable environment depending how close the average expression level is to the fitness optimum.

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