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    1. Neuroscience

    Prolonging the integrated stress response enhances CNS remyelination in an inflammatory environment

    Yanan Chen et al.
    Oligodendrocytes with an enhanced ability to withstand cytotoxic stress display an increased capacity to remyelinate demyelination lesions of the CNS in the presence of an inflammatory environment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Seroconversion stages COVID19 into distinct pathophysiological states

    Matthew D Galbraith et al.
    Stratification of COVID19 patients using quantitative metrics of seroconversion reveals distinct pathophysiological stages after SARS-CoV-2 infection, including key differences in immune cell types, inflammatory makers, and markers of organ function.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Deficient spermiogenesis in mice lacking Rlim

    Feng Wang et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice identifies Rlim in the spermatogenic cell lineage as a regulator of cytoplasmic reduction during spermiogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Epigenetic reprogramming rewires transcription during the alternation of generations in Arabidopsis

    Michael Borg et al.
    Epigenetic reprogramming of the distinct repressive marks H3K27me3 or H3K9me2 guides the transition between the haploid and diploid life forms that encompass the life cycle of land plants.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Short-term exposure to intermittent hypoxia leads to changes in gene expression seen in chronic pulmonary disease

    Gang Wu et al.
    RNA profiles from lungs of mice exposed to intermittent hypoxia shared similarity with gene expression changes in human lung from patients with pulmonary diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, COPD, and asthma.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A critical residue in the α1M2–M3 linker regulating mammalian GABAA receptor pore gating by diazepam

    Joseph W Nors et al.
    The role of an important gating domain in linkage between the benzodiazepine drug-binding site and the pore gate in GABAA receptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A flagellate-to-amoeboid switch in the closest living relatives of animals

    Thibaut Brunet et al.
    The closest living relatives of animals, the choanoflagellates, switch from a flagellate to an amoeboid phenotype under confinement.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase PDK1 is critical for promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation

    Zhen Sun et al.
    PDK1 serves as a critical role for intrinsically promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation and effector functions via controlling expression level of TCF1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Induction of the IL-1RII decoy receptor by NFAT/FOXP3 blocks IL-1β-dependent response of Th17 cells

    Dong Hyun Kim et al.
    Cellular immunological and biochemical analyses reveal how decoy IL-1RII is induced by human CD4+ T cells upon TCR-stimulation and regulates the Th17-Treg balance by modulating IL-1β responsiveness in IL-1RI+ cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    ATP activation of peritubular cells drives testicular sperm transport

    David Fleck et al.
    Purinergic signaling controls mammalian sperm transport.