399 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective attenuation of Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents by endogenous acetylcholine reduces spike-frequency adaptation and network correlation

    Edward D Cui, Ben W Strowbridge
    Acetylcholine, a common modulator in the brain, controls spike-frequency adaptation by specifically attenuating Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents, thereby explaining many cortical network statistical changes often observed in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    A time-stamp mechanism may provide temporal information necessary for egocentric to allocentric spatial transformations

    Avner Wallach et al.
    A novel neural mechanism for precise, unbiased estimation of time intervals in the thalamus of electric fish is likely used for computing distance between object encounters.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Population adaptation in efficient balanced networks

    Gabrielle J Gutierrez, Sophie Denève
    Neural populations may depend on balanced recurrent connectivity to produce an efficient stimulus representation while also maintaining an accurate stimulus encoding despite the variability introduced by adapting neural responses.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics
    Maize illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Neuroscience

    Energy imbalance alters Ca2+ handling and excitability of POMC neurons

    Lars Paeger et al.
    The development of diet-dependent obesity results in the deterioration of calcium homeostasis in pro-opiomelanocortin-expressing neurons and impaired function of the same neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPTX2 and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mei-Fang Xiao et al.
    Dysfunction of pyramidal neuron-PV interneuron circuits contributes to cognitive failure in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lognormal firing rate distribution reveals prominent fluctuation–driven regime in spinal motor networks

    Peter C Petersen, Rune W Berg
    Neuronal participation in generation of motor patterns in the spinal circuits is lognormal, which is an indication of a rich diversity of activity within the mean-driven as well as the fluctuation-driven regimes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Variation in olfactory neuron repertoires is genetically controlled and environmentally modulated

    Ximena Ibarra-Soria et al.
    The neuronal composition of a mouse’s nose is individually unique due to a combination of olfactory experience and genetic variation local to olfactory receptor genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct mechanisms mediate speed-accuracy adjustments in cortico-subthalamic networks

    Damian M Herz et al.
    Dynamic changes in activity and connectivity of the human subthalamic nucleus reflect whether a decision will be made in haste or with caution.

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