4,361 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Spatiotemporal control of cell cycle acceleration during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Emanuel Cura Costa et al.
    Computational modeling and a cell cycle-reporting axolotl reveal how spinal cord regeneration can be achieved by a signal that propagates 828 μm from the injury site during the first 85 hours post-amputation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Planar cell polarity-mediated induction of neural stem cell expansion during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Aida Rodrigo Albors et al.
    During axolotl spinal cord regeneration adult neural stem cells reactivate an embryonic neuroepithelial cell-like gene program that implements planar cell polarity to orient cell divisions, coupling polarized spinal cord growth with stem cell self-renewal.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Accelerated cell divisions drive the outgrowth of the regenerating spinal cord in axolotls

    Fabian Rost et al.
    Building on previous work (Rodrigo Albors et al., 2015), we assess the contribution of individual cellular mechanisms in the context of spinal cord regeneration in the axolotl.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Non-canonical Hedgehog signaling regulates spinal cord and muscle regeneration in Xenopus laevis larvae

    Andrew M Hamilton et al.
    Unlike in early embryonic development, injured spinal cord and muscle in Xenopus laevis larvae recruit non-canonical Hedgehog signaling essential for their regeneration, while repressing Gli transcriptional activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Co-targeting myelin inhibitors and CSPGs markedly enhances regeneration of GDNF-stimulated, but not conditioning-lesioned, sensory axons into the spinal cord

    Jinbin Zhai et al.
    Myelin-associated inhibitors and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans are not the primary mechanism stopping sensory axons regenerating into the spinal cord, although their removal can markedly enhance regeneration when combined with an intervention that elevates axon growth capacity sufficiently robustly.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sequentially induced motor neurons from human fibroblasts facilitate locomotor recovery in a rodent spinal cord injury model

    Hyunah Lee et al.
    Sequential introduction of transcription factors enables large-scale generation of induced motor neurons (iMNs) from human somatic cells, and transplantation of iMNs exhibit therapeutic effects in spinal cord injury model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chromatin accessibility dynamics and single cell RNA-Seq reveal new regulators of regeneration in neural progenitors

    Anneke Dixie Kakebeen et al.
    Regenerating neural progenitors of the Xenopus tropicalis tail prioritize differentiation to motor neuron types earlier than proliferation, a decision partly regulated by the transcription factors Pbx3 and Meis1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal Shox2 interneuron interconnectivity related to function and development

    Ngoc T Ha, Kimberly J Dougherty
    Spinal Shox2 interneurons are strongly interconnected by gap junctional coupling in a function-specific manner, which provides a mechanism for synchronization of rhythm-generating neurons and may contribute to locomotor rhythmicity.
    1. Neuroscience

    GSK3β regulates AKT-induced central nervous system axon regeneration via an eIF2Bε-dependent, mTORC1-independent pathway

    Xinzheng Guo et al.
    The AKT-GSK3β-eIF2Bε signaling module plays a key role in promoting axon regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system.
    1. Developmental Biology

    E proteins sharpen neurogenesis by modulating proneural bHLH transcription factors’ activity in an E-box-dependent manner

    Gwenvael Le Dréau et al.
    Rather than acting as passive and neutral co-factors for proneural proteins, E proteins play an active role in modulating the way the distinct proneural proteins instruct neurogenesis.

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