150 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Calpain fosters the hyperexcitability of motoneurons after spinal cord injury and leads to spasticity

    Vanessa Plantier et al.
    Calpain is a promising therapeutic target to reduce spasticity after a spinal cord injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motoneurons regulate the central pattern generator during drug-induced locomotor-like activity in the neonatal mouse

    Melanie Falgairolle et al.
    Motoneuron activity provides feedback to the spinal network responsible for generating locomotion in the developing mouse spinal cord.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitization of neonatal rat lumbar motoneuron by the inflammatory pain mediator bradykinin

    Mouloud Bouhadfane et al.
    The pain mediator bradykinin was found to sensitize spinal motoneurons by a direct postsynaptic action, questioning the role of motoneurons in the assessment of hyperalgesia since the withdrawal motor reflex is commonly used as a surrogate pain model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Remodeling of lumbar motor circuitry remote to a thoracic spinal cord injury promotes locomotor recovery

    Ying Wang et al.
    Retrograde transport of NT-3 stimulated the reorganization of lumbar neural circuitry and synaptic connectivity remote to a thoracic SCI, along with improved behavioral recovery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relaxation of synaptic inhibitory events as a compensatory mechanism in fetal SOD spinal motor networks

    Pascal Branchereau et al.
    Electrophysiological and simulation approaches show that a chloride-related longer relaxation of the inhibitory synaptic events partially compensates the early defect in the chloride homeostasis detected in fetal SOD spinal motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity dynamics of amygdala GABAergic neurons during cataplexy of narcolepsy

    Ying Sun et al.
    Deep brain calcium imaging reveals the abnormal neuronal activity patterns of the amygdala GABAergic neurons in an animal model of human sleep disorder narcolepsy.
    1. Neuroscience

    A primal role for the vestibular sense in the development of coordinated locomotion

    David E Ehrlich, David Schoppik
    Zebrafish use their sense of gravity and their cerebellum to coordinate the fin and body movements that, as they develop, allow them to better maintain balance as they climb.
    1. Neuroscience

    The recovery of standing and locomotion after spinal cord injury does not require task-specific training

    Jonathan Harnie et al.
    Restoring locomotion after complete spinal cord injury does not require locomotor training, only the return of sufficient excitability within neurons of the spinal cord.

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