926 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin 7 is targeted to the axonal plasma membrane through γ-secretase processing to promote synaptic vesicle docking in mouse hippocampal neurons

    Jason D Vevea et al.
    Synaptotagmin 7 is asymmetrically localized to the axonal plasma membrane through γ-secretase processing to promote vesicle docking during short-term synaptic plasticity in mouse hippocampal neurons.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Unexpected plasticity in the life cycle of Trypanosoma brucei

    Sarah Schuster et al.
    Parasite life cycles may be more flexible than traditionally thought, potentially allowing single-cell infections of insect vectors and transmission between hosts even at very low parasite densities.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coupling between motor cortex and striatum increases during sleep over long-term skill learning

    Stefan M Lemke et al.
    Sleep spindles, distinctive brain activity patterns occurring in non-REM sleep, modify cross-area connectivity in the motor network relevant for behavioral flexibility, impacting subsequent behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Continuous attractors for dynamic memories

    Davide Spalla et al.
    A neural network model with asymmetric synaptic interactions can store and retrieve multiple continuous memory sequences with their temporal structure.
    1. Neuroscience

    The corticospinal tract primarily modulates sensory inputs in the mouse lumbar cord

    Yunuen Moreno-Lopez et al.
    While the corticospinal tract is often considered exclusively as a motor path, a combination of intersectional viral strategy and in vivo electrophysiology reveals that, in the mouse lumbar cord, its main role is the modulation of sensory inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent regulation of mitochondrial motility in developing cortical dendrites

    Catia AP Silva et al.
    Naturally occurring activity in the developing brain regulates mitochondrial motility such that mitochondria stop at active synapses, which is probably a fundamental process in brain wiring.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distributed functions of prefrontal and parietal cortices during sequential categorical decisions

    Yang Zhou et al.
    Prefrontal cortex plays a leading role in sequential decisions compared to posterior parietal cortex and relies on nonlinear integration of sensory and mnemonic information for decision formation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Muscle-specific economy of force generation and efficiency of work production during human running

    Sebastian Bohm et al.
    During human running, the soleus muscle was found to operate as work generator under optimal conditions for work production (high force-length potential and enthalpy efficiency) while the vastus lateralis promoted tendon energy storage and economical force generation (high force-length-velocity potential).
    1. Neuroscience

    Systematic morphological and morphometric analysis of identified olfactory receptor neurons in Drosophila melanogaster

    Cesar Nava Gonzales et al.
    A morphological characterization of Drosophila olfactory receptor neurons—conducted systematically at nanoscale resolution—yields an extensive morphometric dataset, identifies novel features of olfactory sensilla, and raises intriguing questions for how the size and shape of sensory neurons influence their function.

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