521 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Mutant huntingtin enhances activation of dendritic Kv4 K+ channels in striatal spiny projection neurons

    Luis Carrillo-Reid et al.
    In mouse models of Huntington's disease, striatal spiny projection neurons up-regulate dendritic potassium channels, which impairs their normal function, but a zinc finger gene therapy can reverse this deficit.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The cryptic gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuronal system of human basal ganglia

    Katalin Skrapits et al.
    Neuroanatomical studies reveal presence and cholinergic phenotype of 150,000-200,000 extrahypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons in human basal ganglia and basal forebrain, and RNA-sequencing detects gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor-1 expression in cholinergic interneurons but not in spiny projection neurons of the human putamen.
    1. Neuroscience

    Egr2 induction in spiny projection neurons of the ventrolateral striatum contributes to cocaine place preference in mice

    Diptendu Mukherjee et al.
    The ventrolateral striatum is found to be recruited during the encoding of cocaine preference, within which Egr2-expressing ensembles are functionally important, as is the expression of Egr2 within them.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pauses in cholinergic interneuron firing exert an inhibitory control on striatal output in vivo

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Optogenetics and in vivo recordings in mice reveal that pauses in cholinergic interneurons offer an alternative mechanism to inhibit subthreshold and suprathreshold events of spiny projection neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal direct and indirect pathway neurons differentially control the encoding and updating of goal-directed learning

    James Peak et al.
    Direct and indirect pathway neurons in posterior dorsomedial striatum were found to play distinct roles, with the former necessary for encoding and the latter for updating goal-directed learning.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Inhibition enhances spatially-specific calcium encoding of synaptic input patterns in a biologically constrained model

    Daniel B Dorman et al.
    Inhibition enhances the spatial specificity of high calcium influx for cooperatively stimulated synapses, suggesting that inhibitory inputs may regulate both synapse-specific and heterosynaptic plasticity to support learning and memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin directs partner-specific synaptic connectivity in C. elegans

    Alison Philbrook et al.
    Investigation of synapse development using a single neuron system illuminates how individual neurons specify connectivity with their postsynaptic partners and the central role of the synaptic organizer neurexin in this process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-specific dysregulation of striatal excitatory synapses by LRRK2 mutations

    Chuyu Chen et al.
    Although human Parkinson's disease is linked to dopamine loss, two distinct mutations in a kinase associated with familial Parkinson's operate downstream, altering excitatory synapses on dopamine-sensing neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes refine cortical connectivity at dendritic spines

    W Christopher Risher et al.
    Spines with multiple excitatory contacts are potential sites for competition between thalamic and cortical axons, which is regulated by the astrocytes through the secreted synaptogenic protein hevin.
    1. Neuroscience

    An inhibitory corticostriatal pathway

    Crystal Rock et al.
    The discovery of somatostatin-positive inhibitory neurons projecting from mouse cortex to striatum shows that corticostriatal pathways are not exclusively excitatory.

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