466 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuropilin-2/Semaphorin-3F-mediated repulsion promotes inner hair cell innervation by spiral ganglion neurons

    Thomas M Coate et al.
    The development of the mammalian cochlea undergoes a period of embryonic refinement in which the outer hair cell region repels incoming type I spiral ganglion neurons, thus ensuring these neurons instead form connections with inner hair cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Comprehensive transcriptome analysis of cochlear spiral ganglion neurons at multiple ages

    Chao Li et al.
    RNA-Seq analysis and in vivo validation via genetic approach uncover that Scrt2 and Celf4 are expressed in inner ear auditory neurons throughout development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A Gata3–Mafb transcriptional network directs post-synaptic differentiation in synapses specialized for hearing

    Wei-Ming Yu et al.
    Genetic studies in mice identify the transcription factor MafB as a potent regulator of specific features of the synapses underlying hearing.
    1. Neuroscience

    A spiral attractor network drives rhythmic locomotion

    Angela M Bruno et al.
    The neural population of the Aplysia's pedal ganglion are a low-dimensional spiral attractor, and the parameters of the attractor directly define the properties of the Aplysia's escape locomotion behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the biophysical properties of neonatal auditory neurons align with synaptic contact position and the intensity coding map of inner hair cells

    Alexander L Markowitz, Radha Kalluri
    The biophysical diversity that is intrinsic to spiral ganglion neurons emerges as spatial gradients during early post-natal development and endures through subsequent maturation to likely contribute to sound intensity coding.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open cortico-basal ganglia loop allows limbic control over motor output via the nigrothalamic pathway

    Sho Aoki et al.
    A novel connection from ventral striatum to motor cortex enables emotion and motivation to influence action and motor control.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The synaptic ribbon is critical for sound encoding at high rates and with temporal precision

    Philippe Jean et al.
    The synaptic ribbon regulates calcium channel clustering and proper vesicle dynamics at cochlear inner hair cells to ensure precise sound encoding.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Revisiting the role of Dcc in visual system development with a novel eye clearing method

    Robin J Vigouroux et al.
    A new eye-specific Dcc mutant combined with an improved clearing protocol for the eye and brain (EyeDISCO) reveals the requirement of the receptor Dcc for retinal development and maintenance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.

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