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    1. Neuroscience

    Direct extraction of signal and noise correlations from two-photon calcium imaging of ensemble neuronal activity

    Anuththara Rupasinghe et al.
    An inference paradigm for extracting neuronal correlations from two-photon imaging data, without requiring intermediate spike deconvolution, provides significant performance gains over existing methods as demonstrated by theoretical analysis, simulation studies, and real-data applications.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Replay as wavefronts and theta sequences as bump oscillations in a grid cell attractor network

    Louis Kang, Michael R DeWeese
    An experimentally supported model of grid cells naturally enables them to participate in firing sequences that encode rapid trajectories in space.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamus and claustrum control parallel layer 1 circuits in retrosplenial cortex

    Ellen KW Brennan et al.
    Parallel input streams to layer 1 identify a computationally distinct principal neuronal subtype ideally positioned to support spatial orientation computations in the granular retrosplenial cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-neuron intracellular recording in vivo via interacting autopatching robots

    Suhasa B Kodandaramaiah et al.
    A robot capable of automatically obtaining blind whole cell patch clamp recordings from multiple neurons simultaneously guides four interacting electrodes in a coordinated fashion, avoiding mechanical coupling in the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peripheral sensory coding through oscillatory synchrony in weakly electric fish

    Christa A Baker et al.
    Sensory receptors encode stimuli by transiently synchronizing ongoing electrical oscillations, conferring enhanced sensitivity to communication signals produced by large groups of conspecifics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatially displaced excitation contributes to the encoding of interrupted motion by a retinal direction-selective circuit

    Jennifer Ding et al.
    The direction-selective circuit in the retina adjusts the contributions of excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms under different stimulus conditions to generate context-dependent neural representations of visual features.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Tuberculosis innovations mean little if they cannot save lives

    Madhukar Pai, Jennifer Furin
    Ending the TB epidemic requires scaling up access to new TB tools so that they can benefit the patients in low- and middle-income countries that need them the most.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic, not striatal, activity correlates with basal ganglia downstream activity in normal and parkinsonian monkeys

    Marc Deffains et al.
    The spiking activity of the subthalamic nucleus, rather than the activity of striatal projection neurons, orchestrates basal ganglia downstream activity and output commands in health and Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synchronous beta rhythms of frontoparietal networks support only behaviorally relevant representations

    Evan G Antzoulatos, Earl K Miller
    Beta-band oscillations in the frontoparietal network may act as a filter of relevant versus irrelevant neural representations for the ongoing cognitive task.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent neural activity in auditory cortex is related to auditory working memory in humans and nonhuman primates

    Ying Huang et al.
    The auditory cortex temporarily stores task-relevant information by persistently changed neuronal activity of single neurons and of neuronal populations.