443 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiscale analysis reveals that diet-dependent midgut plasticity emerges from alterations in both stem cell niche coupling and enterocyte size

    Alessandro Bonfini et al.
    The nutrient composition of food alters both the size of gut epithelial cells and the ability of the stem cell niche to control tissue turnover, resulting in changes in size at the organ level.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    The structure of behavioral variation within a genotype

    Zachary Werkhoven et al.
    Multidimensional analysis of data from high-throughput behavioral assays reveals many independent axes of behavioral variation among inbred animals reared in the same environment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A morphological transformation in respiratory syncytial virus leads to enhanced complement deposition

    Jessica P Kuppan et al.
    Respiratory syncytial virus produces filamentous particles that change shape when the viral matrix detaches from the viral membrane, and this change in shape results in enhanced deposition of complement proteins, with potential downstream consequences.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Medicine

    APOE4 is associated with elevated blood lipids and lower levels of innate immune biomarkers in a tropical Amerindian subsistence population

    Angela R Garcia et al.
    The relationship between APOE genotype and disease risks may be environmentally moderated, with APOE4 being less harmful and unlikely to increase cardiometabolic risk in a physically active, energy-limited population.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Misic, a general deep learning-based method for the high-throughput cell segmentation of complex bacterial communities

    Swapnesh Panigrahi et al.
    A broadly applicable deep-learning based method that recognizes rod-shaped bacteria of virtually any species in complex bacterial communities.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A zebrafish screen reveals Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors as neuroprotective via mitochondrial restoration in dopamine neurons

    Gha-Hyun J Kim et al.
    In vivo dopamine neuron imaging-based neuroprotective small molecule screen in larval zebrafish and mechanistic investigation using conditional CRISPR knockout and cell-type-specific RNA-seq analysis, coupled with cross-species analyses including human clinical data interrogation, uncover potential disease-modifying therapeutics for Parkinson's disease (PD).
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The whale shark genome reveals patterns of vertebrate gene family evolution

    Milton Tan et al.
    The new whale shark genome assembly represents the best gapless chondrichthyan genome assembly yet, and comparative genomic analyses provide insights into the evolution of vertebrate genome origins, immunity, and gigantism.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A prion accelerates proliferation at the expense of lifespan

    David M Garcia et al.
    In its capacity to switch into a heritable, prionogenic form, a conserved RNA-modifying enzyme epigenetically alters fundamental growth, aging, and protein synthesis properties of eukaryotic cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-linear dimensionality reduction on extracellular waveforms reveals cell type diversity in premotor cortex

    Eric Kenji Lee et al.
    WaveMAP is a novel approach that combines nonlinear dimensionality reduction with graph clustering on extracellular waveforms to reveal previously obscured cell type diversity in monkey cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Classification and genetic targeting of cell types in the primary taste and premotor center of the adult Drosophila brain

    Gabriella R Sterne et al.
    A split-GAL4 collection provides precise genetic targeting of 138 neuronal cell types in the subesophageal zone of adult Drosophila melanogaster.

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