1,951 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal transitions of spontaneous brain activity

    Zhiwei Ma, Nanyin Zhang
    Analysis of resting-state fMRI data revealed nonrandom temporal transitions between spontaneous brain activity patterns in both awake rats and humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Localization of spontaneous bursting neuronal activity in the preterm human brain with simultaneous EEG-fMRI

    Tomoki Arichi et al.
    Direct measure of neural and hemodynamic activity in the developing human brain shows that the insula is a major source of transient bursting events that are critical for cortical maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fast transient networks in spontaneous human brain activity

    Adam P Baker et al.
    Non-invasive MEG recordings reveal that patterns of spontaneous activity in the resting brain are shorter lived than previously thought.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical state transitions and stimulus response evolve along stiff and sloppy parameter dimensions, respectively

    Adrian Ponce-Alvarez et al.
    Neurons differ in their impact on collective cortical activity, with sensitive neurons forming a stable topological core, implicated in cortical-state transitions, while peripheral insensitive neurons are more responsive to stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Irregular spiking of pyramidal neurons organizes as scale-invariant neuronal avalanches in the awake state

    Timothy Bellay et al.
    Spontaneous, irregular spiking in single cortical pyramidal neurons assembles as neuronal avalanches at the group level identifying a robust scale-invariant organization of resting activity in the awake state.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain-wide mapping of neural activity controlling zebrafish exploratory locomotion

    Timothy W Dunn et al.
    Whole-brain activity imaging in larval zebrafish reveals brain regions that influence patterns of spontaneous movement to increase local exploration efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous activation of visual pigments in relation to openness/closedness of chromophore-binding pocket

    Wendy Wing Sze Yue et al.
    Visual pigments with a longer peak-absorption wavelength or an open chromophore-binding pocket are generally noisier, being more prone to spontaneous activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPA receptor mediated synaptic excitation drives state-dependent bursting in Purkinje neurons of zebrafish larvae

    Mohini Sengupta, Vatsala Thirumalai
    In vivo recordings in unanesthetized zebrafish larvae show that Purkinje neurons have two stable membrane potential states and that climbing fiber inputs can toggle them to up states during motor episodes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noise-induced plasticity of KCNQ2/3 and HCN channels underlies vulnerability and resilience to tinnitus

    Shuang Li et al.
    Mice that successfully avoid developing tinnitus despite exposure to excessive noise show spontaneous recovery of KCNQ2/3 potassium channel activity associated with a reduction in HCN channel activity in auditory brainstem neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.

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