1,642 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    MeCP2 in cholinergic interneurons of nucleus accumbens regulates fear learning

    Ying Zhang et al.
    Robust fear learning deficits and decreased tonic activity of NAc cholinergic interneurons caused by depletion of MeCP2 could be attributed to an elevation in α2-containing GABAA receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    TUBB4A mutations result in both glial and neuronal degeneration in an H-ABC leukodystrophy mouse model

    Sunetra Sase et al.
    H-ABC leukodystrophy results in neurologic decline, hypomyelination and atrophy of the striatum and cerebellum and Tubb4aD249N/D249Nmouse model recapitulates features of H-ABC disease, providing an important tool for therapeutic development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterization of the kinetic cycle of an ABC transporter by single-molecule and cryo-EM analyses

    Ling Wang et al.
    The conformational dynamics of multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) are tracked in real time by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer experiments, which elucidate the rate-limiting mechanism of MRP1's transport cycle.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Circulating myeloid cells invade the central nervous system to mediate cachexia during pancreatic cancer

    Kevin G Burfeind et al.
    Circulating myeloid cells invade the brain during pancreatic cancer, where they accumulate at a unique central nervous system interface and drive anorexia and muscle catabolism.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Tgfb3 collaborates with PP2A and notch signaling pathways to inhibit retina regeneration

    Mi-Sun Lee et al.
    Tgfb3 inhibits Muller glial cell reprogramming and drives Muller cell quiescence in the injured zebrafish retina, thereby inhibiting retina regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous and evoked neurotransmission are partially segregated at inhibitory synapses

    Patricia M Horvath et al.
    GABAergic postsynaptic responses mediated by spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release are partially segregated, suggesting they may serve distinct roles in neuronal signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Linker histone H1.2 and H1.4 affect the neutrophil lineage determination

    Gabriel Sollberger et al.
    Linker histones affect the lineage determination of granulocyte precursor cells via regulation of the transcription factor GATA-2.
    1. Cell Biology

    A viral fusogen hijacks the actin cytoskeleton to drive cell-cell fusion

    Ka Man Carmen Chan et al.
    A viral fusogen drives cell-cell fusion by hijacking the actin machinery to directly couple actin assembly with a short fusogenic ectodomain.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Temporal transcription factors determine circuit membership by permanently altering motor neuron-to-muscle synaptic partnerships

    Julia L Meng et al.
    Acting in neuronal stem cells, temporal transcription factors, as a class of molecules, are uniquely potent determinants of circuit membership that establish expected patterns of wiring in the motor system.

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