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    1. Neuroscience

    Noise-induced plasticity of KCNQ2/3 and HCN channels underlies vulnerability and resilience to tinnitus

    Shuang Li et al.
    Mice that successfully avoid developing tinnitus despite exposure to excessive noise show spontaneous recovery of KCNQ2/3 potassium channel activity associated with a reduction in HCN channel activity in auditory brainstem neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuron-glia signaling in developing retina mediated by neurotransmitter spillover

    Juliana M Rosa et al.
    Retinal waves are correlated with calcium transients in Müller cells, demonstrating that spontaneous activity encompasses both neuronal and glial networks during a crucial period of retinal development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Irregular spiking of pyramidal neurons organizes as scale-invariant neuronal avalanches in the awake state

    Timothy Bellay et al.
    Spontaneous, irregular spiking in single cortical pyramidal neurons assembles as neuronal avalanches at the group level identifying a robust scale-invariant organization of resting activity in the awake state.
    1. Neuroscience

    Threat of shock increases excitability and connectivity of the intraparietal sulcus

    Nicholas L Balderston et al.
    Multimodal neuroimaging was used to study the effect of threat on spontaneous brain activity and functional connectivity, and demonstrated that threat increases both activity and connectivity of the intraparietal sulcus, a key node in the frontoparietal attention network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Patterned perturbation of inhibition can reveal the dynamical structure of neural processing

    Sadra Sadeh, Claudia Clopath
    Neuronal networks with strong functional specificity of connections between excitatory and inhibitory neurons show specific dynamics of inhibitory stabilization, accompanied with rapid spontaneous activity transitions between highly selective functional states.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Propagated infra-slow intrinsic brain activity reorganizes across wake and slow wave sleep

    Anish Mitra et al.
    Human fMRI experiments reveal differences in the propagation of spontaneous brain activity during sleep versus wakefulness.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cutting Edge: Promoting international collaboration and creativity in doctoral students

    Christopher M Groen et al.
    Staff from the Mayo Clinic in the US and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden describe a joint transatlantic course intended to broaden the horizons of the next generation of researchers in the field of regenerative medicine.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional MRI: Making connections in the brain

    Alex TL Leong, Ed X Wu
    Simultaneous measurements of neuronal activity and fMRI signals in the rat brain have shed new light on the origins of resting-state fMRI connectivity networks.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropathic Pain: The pros and cons of degeneracy

    Jean-Marc Goaillard, Martial A Dufour
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autoimmunity: Treating type-1 diabetes with an epigenetic drug

    Yohko Kitagawa, Naganari Ohkura
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