2,577 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Spinal lumbar dI2 interneurons contribute to stability of bipedal stepping

    Baruch Haimson et al.
    Spinal dI2 interneurons relay peripheral and intraspinal feedback to premotor networks in the spinal cord and the cerebellum to ensure the stability of bipedal stepping.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Medicine

    Heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase allow the development of a first-in-class histamine-degrading biopharmaceutical

    Elisabeth Gludovacz et al.
    Because heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase (hDAO) block cellular uptake and strongly decrease clearance in vivo, modified recombinant hDAO might be a good candidate for the treatment of symptoms induced by excessive endogenous histamine release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Classification and genetic targeting of cell types in the primary taste and premotor center of the adult Drosophila brain

    Gabriella R Sterne et al.
    A split-GAL4 collection provides precise genetic targeting of 138 neuronal cell types in the subesophageal zone of adult Drosophila melanogaster.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A population-level invasion by transposable elements triggers genome expansion in a fungal pathogen

    Ursula Oggenfuss et al.
    The activation of transposable elements and relaxed purifying selection underpin an incipient expansion of the genome in populations of a major wheat pathogen.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila STING protein has a role in lipid metabolism

    Katarina Akhmetova et al.
    Drosophila STING protein, or stimulator of interferon genes, has a direct but previously unknown role in the lipid metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sex-specific pubertal and metabolic regulation of Kiss1 neurons via Nhlh2

    Silvia Leon et al.
    The transcription factor Nhlh2 is a marker of arcuate Kiss1 neurons in adulthood that activates the promotor activity of Kiss1 and Tac3 genes and controls puberty onset and the response of KNDy neurons to leptin in male mice.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Decoding locomotion from population neural activity in moving C. elegans

    Kelsey M Hallinen et al.
    Neurons in the brain exhibit activity with various relations to locomotion and these signals are best decoded by combining activities from many neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Bipartite binding and partial inhibition links DEPTOR and mTOR in a mutually antagonistic embrace

    Maren Heimhalt et al.
    The inhibitory protein DEPTOR make two widely separated interactions with mTOR that are both necessary for its unique partial mTOR inhibition, and DEPTOR is a more potent inhibitor of mutation- or RHEB-activated mTORC1 than basal mTORC1.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The mechanism of MICU-dependent gating of the mitochondrial Ca2+uniporter

    Vivek Garg et al.
    A comprehensive functional analysis of mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU) demonstrates that the auxiliary MICU subunits potentiate Ca2+ transport via MCU.

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