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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Phenotypic and molecular evolution across 10,000 generations in laboratory budding yeast populations

    Milo S Johnson et al.
    Experimentally evolved yeast populations increase in fitness predictably but do not divide into coexisting lineages or dramatically increase their mutation rates after 10,000 generations.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Variation in natural exposure to anopheles mosquitoes and its effects on malaria transmission

    Wamdaogo M Guelbéogo et al.
    Heterogeneity in exposure to malaria vectors, including sporozoite-infected mosquitoes, contributes to the variation in human infection risk and amplifies the local transmission potential.
  1. Meta-Research: Questionable research practices may have little effect on replicability

    Rolf Ulrich, Jeff Miller
    Although questionable research practices inflate false positive rates, they have little effect on replicability because they also increase power.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sources of noise during accumulation of evidence in unrestrained and voluntarily head-restrained rats

    Benjamin B Scott et al.
    Statistical analysis of evidence-based decisions reveals new insights into the source of behavioral variability.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Calibration and analysis of genome-based models for microbial ecology

    Stilianos Louca, Michael Doebeli
    A novel computation tool for microbial community modeling predicts the evolution and diversification of E. coli in laboratory evolution experiments and gives insight into the underlying metabolic processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-linear developmental trajectory of electrical phenotype in rat substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic neurons

    Martial A Dufour et al.
    The development of the electrical phenotype of neurons can be precisely quantified and dissected using a combination of multi-variate statistical analyses and a systematic electrophysiological characterization of electrical properties.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Medicine

    Late-life restoration of mitochondrial function reverses cardiac dysfunction in old mice

    Ying Ann Chiao et al.
    Mitochondrial-targeted SS-31 peptide ameliorates mitochondrial dysfunction and rescues pre-existing cardiac dysfunction in old mice, supporting the translational potential of mitochondrial protective interventions to treat age-related diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Positively selected modifications in the pore of TbAQP2 allow pentamidine to enter Trypanosoma brucei

    Ali H Alghamdi et al.
    Study of TbAQP2 adaptations and substrate interactions shows how this aquaglyceroporin enables cellular entry of large antimicrobial agents in Trypanosoma brucei.
    1. Neuroscience

    Statistical structure of locomotion and its modulation by odors

    Liangyu Tao et al.
    A fly's locomotion can be decomposed into a small number of locomotor features which can be modulated by odors and other sensory information.