2,068 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    One-shot learning and behavioral eligibility traces in sequential decision making

    Marco P Lehmann et al.
    Human learning relies on short-term memories (eligibility traces) which provide a mechanism to reinforce sequences of actions from a single reward (one-shot).
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Persistent epigenetic memory impedes rescue of the telomeric phenotype in human ICF iPSCs following DNMT3B correction

    Shir Toubiana et al.
    Correction of the DNA methyltransferase 3B gene in ICF1 syndrome fails to rescue the abnormal DNA hypomethylation at subtelomeric regions due to accompanied epigenetic abnormalities in these regions.
    1. Neuroscience

    DeepPoseKit, a software toolkit for fast and robust animal pose estimation using deep learning

    Jacob M Graving et al.
    A new deep-learning software toolkit with general-purpose methods for quickly and reliably measuring the full body posture of animals directly from images or videos without physical markers.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Drosophila model of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis CLN4 reveals a hypermorphic gain of function mechanism

    Elliot Imler et al.
    Genetic analysis of a CLN4 Drosophila model suggests that the disease-causing alleles act as dominant gain of function mutations that cause CSPα oligomerization and impair secretory and prelysosomal trafficking.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The HCN domain couples voltage gating and cAMP response in hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels

    Alessandro Porro et al.
    Experimental and computational approaches reveal how ligand binding is coupled to voltage sensing in a HCN channels.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-independent Wnt signaling instructs asymmetric neurite pruning in C. elegans

    Menghao Lu, Kota Mizumoto
    Genetic analyses revealed the critical role of local Wnt in neuronal patterning by instructing neurite pruning.
    1. Neuroscience

    The representational space of observed actions

    Raffaele Tucciarelli et al.
    Representational similarity analysis of human functional magnetic resonance imaging data demonstrates that the lateral occipitotemporal cortex represents action knowledge along dimensions that are in accordance with behavioural judgements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal constraints on optogenetic inactivation in cortical circuits

    Nuo Li et al.
    Electrophysiology measurements characterized eight optogenetic methods, including a new reporter mouse expressing soma-localized light-activated chloride channels, for inactivating small regions of mouse neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Punishment insensitivity emerges from impaired contingency detection, not aversion insensitivity or reward dominance

    Philip Jean-Richard-dit-Bressel et al.
    Behavioral analyses show that individuals insensitive to punishment are afraid of aversive events, they are simply unable to change their behaviour to avoid them.

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