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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    On the importance of statistics in molecular simulations for thermodynamics, kinetics and simulation box size

    Vytautas Gapsys, Bert L de Groot
    The use of adequate statistics is demonstrated to be an essential prerequisite to derive conclusions on thermodynamics and kinetics from molecular simulations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A phylogenetic transform enhances analysis of compositional microbiota data

    Justin D Silverman et al.
    The PhILR transform uses an evolutionary model to overcome statistical challenges associated with microbiota surveys.
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantitative and functional interrogation of parent-of-origin allelic expression biases in the brain

    Julio D Perez et al.
    A subset of genes in the mouse brain show dynamically regulated and unequal expression of maternally and paternally derived variants, with implications for brain development and function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Fast and flexible estimation of effective migration surfaces

    Joseph Marcus et al.
    Fast and flexible estimation of effective migration surfaces (FEEMS) is a new statistical method that can quickly infer and visualize patterns of migration from genetic data with spatial coordinates.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Spatially coordinated dynamic gene transcription in living pituitary tissue

    Karen Featherstone et al.
    Quantitative statistical modelling reveals local coordination of stochastic gene transcription dynamics in pituitary tissue, which is relevant for integrated tissue responses to physiological stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Statistical learning attenuates visual activity only for attended stimuli

    David Richter, Floris P de Lange
    Prior expectations, induced by statistical learning, affect sensory processing only for attended stimuli, thereby constraining neurocomputational theories that cast perception as an inferential process integrating prior knowledge and sensory evidence.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ct threshold values, a proxy for viral load in community SARS-CoV-2 cases, demonstrate wide variation across populations and over time

    A Sarah Walker et al.
    Wide variation in cycle threshold (Ct) values from SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR tests over calendar time offers the potential for their broader use in public testing programmes as an ‘early-warning’ system for shifts in infectious load and hence transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shank3 modulates sleep and expression of circadian transcription factors

    Ashley M Ingiosi et al.
    Shank3, a high confidence autism gene candidate, may be a key component of the mechanisms underlying sleep problems in autism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genomics of 1 million parent lifespans implicates novel pathways and common diseases and distinguishes survival chances

    Paul RHJ Timmers et al.
    Genomic associations with lifespan principally reflect heart disease/smoking/dementia but not other cancers, and distinguish lifespan differences of five years between top/bottom deciles of a score derived from DNA alone.