24 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The evolutionary history and genomics of European blackcap migration

    Kira Delmore et al.
    Variation in migration can evolve rapidly and traits that comprise this behaviour may be determined by standing variation at a few regulatory regions that are not common across taxonomic groups.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of social cluster by collective pairwise encounters in Drosophila

    Lifen Jiang et al.
    Cascades of transient pairwise interactions, stabilized by multisensory inputs, drive the formation of a well-organized social structure from a group of loosely distributed flies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The yellow gene influences Drosophila male mating success through sex comb melanization

    Jonathan H Massey et al.
    Melanization of a secondary sexual structure facilitates male mating success in Drosophila.
    1. Ecology

    Adaptive thermal plasticity enhances sperm and egg performance in a model insect

    Ramakrishnan Vasudeva et al.
    Sperm and egg development are temperature sensitive, enabling males and females to significantly improve their reproductive success by matching gamete function to varying thermal environments for fertilisation and offspring development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Ecology

    5α-cyprinol sulfate, a bile salt from fish, induces diel vertical migration in Daphnia

    Meike Anika Hahn et al.
    A fish-derived bile salt was shown to act as interspecific infochemical, inducing the widespread predator avoidance behavior diel vertical migration at picomolar concentrations in freshwater zooplankton of the genus Daphnia.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predominance of cis-regulatory changes in parallel expression divergence of sticklebacks

    Jukka-Pekka Verta, Felicity C Jones
    Cis-regulation such as enhancers and promoters plays a major role in parallel gene expression divergence and has features that make it a well-poised substrate for adaptive evolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats

    Alexa Sadier et al.
    Parallel losses of short-wave light sensitivity in diverse bats occurred through independent changes at multiple steps in the conversion of genotype into functional phenotype, including pre-, during, and post-transcription.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A novel enhancer near the Pitx1 gene influences development and evolution of pelvic appendages in vertebrates

    Abbey C Thompson et al.
    Regulatory sequences downstream of a key limb identity gene are required for normal sizes of leg bones, and are changed in wild species with dramatic alterations in pelvic structures.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution of gene dosage on the Z-chromosome of schistosome parasites

    Marion A L Picard et al.
    An analysis of gene dosage at the DNA, RNA and protein level yields new insights into the early stages of Z-chromosome dosage compensation in schistosome parasites.

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