20 results found
  1. August 2016

    Episode 31: August 2016

    In this episode we hear about human height, fish joints, colour vision, chimpanzees using tools and open science.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    High-resolution mapping reveals hundreds of genetic incompatibilities in hybridizing fish species

    Molly Schumer et al.
    Genetic incompatibilities are common and widely distributed throughout the genomes of swordtail fish, and prevent the regions of the genome around them from being exchanged between different species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Non-classical amine recognition evolved in a large clade of olfactory receptors

    Qian Li et al.
    Fish trace amine-associated receptors evolved a novel structural motif that enables the detection of chemically diverse amine odors in a non-canonical 'inverted' orientation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Uncoupling evolutionary changes in DNA sequence, transcription factor occupancy and enhancer activity

    Pierre Khoueiry et al.
    Interspecies comparison of transcription factor occupancy during embryogenesis reveals potential co-operative relationships between factors and uncovers the inherent plasticity of developmental enhancers to overcome divergence in transcription factor occupancy.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide mapping in a house mouse hybrid zone reveals hybrid sterility loci and Dobzhansky-Muller interactions

    Leslie M Turner, Bettina Harr
    The genomic regions that cause male hybrids between house mouse subspecies to have low fertility have been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integration of Tmc1/2 into the mechanotransduction complex in zebrafish hair cells is regulated by Transmembrane O-methyltransferase (Tomt)

    Timothy Erickson et al.
    A zebrafish model for a particular form of human deafness (DFNB63) changes our view of this disease by revealing a defect in the localization of Transmembrane channel-like proteins that are essential for mechanotransduction in sensory cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats

    Alexa Sadier et al.
    Parallel losses of short-wave light sensitivity in diverse bats occurred through independent changes at multiple steps in the conversion of genotype into functional phenotype, including pre-, during, and post-transcription.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution of gene dosage on the Z-chromosome of schistosome parasites

    Marion A L Picard et al.
    An analysis of gene dosage at the DNA, RNA and protein level yields new insights into the early stages of Z-chromosome dosage compensation in schistosome parasites.

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