51 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The interplay of stiffness and force anisotropies drives embryo elongation

    Thanh Thi Kim Vuong-Brender et al.
    Elongation of C. elegans embryos requires stiffness and force to be specifically oriented in a coordinated manner in different cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Organ sculpting by patterned extracellular matrix stiffness

    Justin Crest et al.
    Direct measurement of finely patterned mechanical properties in a native basement membrane demonstrate how force asymmetries arising from this extracellular matrix, rather than from cells, can precisely sculpt a tissue.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Why plants make puzzle cells, and how their shape emerges

    Aleksandra Sapala et al.
    Puzzle-shape cells in the epidermis of many plants form due to a development constraint based on mechanical forces.
    1. Plant Biology

    Anisotropic growth is achieved through the additive mechanical effect of material anisotropy and elastic asymmetry

    Firas Bou Daher et al.
    Growing upwards in the young seedling is controlled by two cooperative mechanical mechanisms: cellulose orientation in inner tissues and differential elasticity in epidermal cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two mechanisms regulate directional cell growth in Arabidopsis lateral roots

    Charlotte Kirchhelle et al.
    In lateral roots, cells employ a novel pathway to cell edges to control directional growth, which acts independently of the leading paradigm of oriented deposition of cellulose microfibrils at faces.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Subcellular and supracellular mechanical stress prescribes cytoskeleton behavior in Arabidopsis cotyledon pavement cells

    Arun Sampathkumar et al.
    In the Arabidopsis epidermis, the internal mechanical stress of a cell competes with the external stress to control microtubule behavior, providing a framework to understand the mechanical feedbacks that underlie plant morphogenesis.
    1. Plant Biology

    KATANIN-dependent mechanical properties of the stigmatic cell wall mediate the pollen tube path in Arabidopsis

    Lucie Riglet et al.
    KATANIN1 in stigma papilla cells prevents disordered pollen tube growth and straightens pollen tube direction, allowing the pollen tube to find its correct path to the underlying female tissues.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An asymmetric sheath controls flagellar supercoiling and motility in the leptospira spirochete

    Kimberley H Gibson et al.
    The corkscrew-like motility of Spirochete bacteria is enabled by a unique, asymmetrically constructed flagellum that wraps around the cell body within the periplasm.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Mechanical design principles of a mitotic spindle

    Jonathan J Ward et al.
    Precise control of microtubule architecture greatly increases the force that the spindle can exert on chromosomes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Theoretical tool bridging cell polarities with development of robust morphologies

    Silas Boye Nissen et al.
    Biological shapes and morphological transitions can emerge from combining directed interactions between cells with apical-basal and planar cell polarity.

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