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    1. Neuroscience

    Amygdala neural activity reflects spatial attention towards stimuli promising reward or threatening punishment

    Christopher J Peck, C Daniel Salzman
    Primate amygdala neurons provide a coordinated representation of space and motivational significance whereby amygdala responses to visual stimuli predicting either rewards or aversive stimuli could influence spatial attention in a similar manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid stimulus-driven modulation of slow ocular position drifts

    Tatiana Malevich et al.
    Slow, continuous changes in eye position when gaze is fixed, previously believed to be random drifts, are shown to exhibit highly systematic and short-latency response characteristics to visual stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus salience determines defensive behaviors elicited by aversively conditioned serial compound auditory stimuli

    Sarah Hersman et al.
    Perceived imminence of threat and resulting intensity of defensive responses during serial compound stimulus conditioning are determined by auditory stimulus salience, not cue sequence as recently reported.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sex-specific processing of social cues in the medial amygdala

    Joseph F Bergan et al.
    Male and female mice respond differently to the same pheromone signals, and the representation of these sensory stimuli by neurons in the medial amygdala correlates precisely with the differences in behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential inhibition onto developing and mature granule cells generates high-frequency filters with variable gain

    María Belén Pardi et al.
    Immature and mature granule cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus show differing responses to physiologically relevant stimuli, with immature cells better at encoding stimulus frequency and mature cells better at encoding stimulus onset.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inferring synaptic inputs from spikes with a conductance-based neural encoding model

    Kenneth W Latimer et al.
    The conductance-based encoding model creates a new bridge between statistical models and biophysical models of neurons, and infers visually-evoked excitatory and inhibitory synaptic conductances from spike trains in macaque retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    Exposing distinct subcortical components of the auditory brainstem response evoked by continuous naturalistic speech

    Melissa J Polonenko, Ross K Maddox
    The response from discrete stages of the early auditory pathway can be measured by subtle manipulations to long-form natural speech stimuli paired with deconvolution analysis of electroencephalography data.
    1. Neuroscience

    Linguistic processing of task-irrelevant speech at a cocktail party

    Paz Har-shai Yahav, Elana Zion Golumbic
    Syntactic structure-building processes can be applied to speech that is task-irrelevant and should be ignored, demonstrating that Selective Attention does not fully eliminate linguistic processing of competing speech.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Somatosensory neurons integrate the geometry of skin deformation and mechanotransduction channels to shape touch sensing

    Alessandro Sanzeni et al.
    Nonlinear elasticity of skin tissues and somatosensory neural responses are combined to predict and test C. elegans processing of touch stimuli and modifications due to changes in the body mechanics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attention operates uniformly throughout the classical receptive field and the surround

    Bram-Ernst Verhoef, John HR Maunsell
    A spatially-tuned normalization model accounts for neuronal responses to attended or unattended stimuli that are presented inside the classical receptive field or the surround, and explains various other observations.