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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cholinergic feedback circuit to regulate striatal population uncertainty and optimize reinforcement learning

    Nicholas T Franklin, Michael J Frank
    Computational modeling suggests that feedback between striatal cholinergic neurons and spiny neurons dynamically adjusts learning rates to optimize behavior in a variable world.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Training deep neural density estimators to identify mechanistic models of neural dynamics

    Pedro J Gonçalves et al.
    Deep neural networks can be trained to automatically find mechanistic models which quantitatively agree with experimental data, providing new opportunities for building and visualizing interpretable models of neural dynamics.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Stochastic bond dynamics facilitates alignment of malaria parasite at erythrocyte membrane upon invasion

    Sebastian Hillringhaus et al.
    The bond-based adhesion model is a key step toward a realistic description of RBC-parasite interaction, which allows the investigation of more realistic scenarios and is relevant for other biological systems.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stochastic processes constrain the within and between host evolution of influenza virus

    John T McCrone et al.
    An analysis of influenza viruses from naturally infected people suggests a tight transmission bottleneck and little positive selection within hosts.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Shadow enhancers can suppress input transcription factor noise through distinct regulatory logic

    Rachel Waymack et al.
    Proper development depends on establishing precise gene expression patterns in spite of the inherent noise in transcription, shadow enhancers buffer this noise by binding distinct input transcription factors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Achieving functional neuronal dendrite structure through sequential stochastic growth and retraction

    André Ferreira Castro et al.
    An optimal wire and function trade-off emerges from noisy growth and stochastic retraction during Drosophila class I ventral posterior dendritic arborisation (c1vpda) dendrite development.
    1. Cell Biology

    Role of competition between polarity sites in establishing a unique front

    Chi-Fang Wu et al.
    In budding yeast, nascent polarity sites engage in a winner-takes-all contest to determine a single front.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Single-cell RNA-seq reveals transcriptomic heterogeneity mediated by host–pathogen dynamics in lymphoblastoid cell lines

    Elliott D SoRelle et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing highlights the influence of host–pathogen interactions and stochasticity on transcriptional and phenotypic variance in lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from Epstein–Barr virus-infected primary B cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Evolutionary dynamics of incubation periods

    Bertrand Ottino-Loffler et al.
    Evolutionary graph theory solves the longstanding puzzle of why diverse infectious diseases and cancers show similar (approximately lognormal) distributions of their incubation periods.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Spatially compartmentalized phase regulation of a Ca2+-cAMP-PKA oscillatory circuit

    Brian Tenner et al.
    Nanodomain clustering of cAMP effectors represents a novel mechanism of cAMP compartmentation within an oscillatory signaling circuit.