924 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A general method for determining secondary active transporter substrate stoichiometry

    Gabriel A Fitzgerald et al.
    A method for determining how many ions are required to drive transport in an electrogenic secondary active transporter will help understand the mechanisms of bacterial transporters whose structures have been solved.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Unnatural amino acid photo-crosslinking of the IKs channel complex demonstrates a KCNE1:KCNQ1 stoichiometry of up to 4:4

    Christopher I Murray et al.
    The IKs potassium channel complex displays functional flexibility that depends on the ratio of its constituent KCNQ1 and KCNE1 protein subunits.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPAR/TARP stoichiometry differentially modulates channel properties

    Federico Miguez-Cabello et al.
    A variable number of auxiliary subunit molecules (TARPs) accompanying AMPARs have a differential impact on channel behavior showing also striking differences between AMPAR subtypes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Stoichiometric interactions explain spindle dynamics and scaling across 100 million years of nematode evolution

    Reza Farhadifar et al.
    Stoichiometric interactions between microtubules and cortical force-generators set spindle size, position and dynamics, and its scaling with cell size in nematode species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomic mutagenesis in ion channels with engineered stoichiometry

    John D Lueck et al.
    Building on previous work (Pless, 2013), we argue that side-chain 'flip out' is a key event in potassium channel C-type inactivation, and propose a new method for encoding multiple noncanonical amino acids and controlling protein stoichiometry.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Tracking transcription factor mobility and interaction in Arabidopsis roots with fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

    Natalie M Clark et al.
    The mechanistic basis of molecular movement and interactions within plant root cells can be quantified using scanning fluorescence correlation spectroscopy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic Na+/H+ exchanger 1 (NHE1) – calmodulin complexes of varying stoichiometry and structure regulate Ca2+-dependent NHE1 activation

    Lise M Sjøgaard-Frich et al.
    NHE1-CaM complexes of multiple stoichiometries regulate cellular Ca2+-dependent NHE1 activity and can contribute to NHE1 dimerization, the latter shown by the NMR structure of CaM linking two NHE1 cytosolic tails.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two forms of Opa1 cooperate to complete fusion of the mitochondrial inner-membrane

    Yifan Ge et al.
    An in vitro reconstitution assay reveals stoichiometric levels of the short form of Opa1 work together with the long form of Opa1 to mediate efficient and fast membrane pore opening.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An engineered monomer binding-protein for α-synuclein efficiently inhibits the proliferation of amyloid fibrils

    Emil Dandanell Agerschou et al.
    The high affinity α-synuclein-monomer binder AS69 converts into a strong sub-stoichiometric inhibitor of nucleation processes upon formation of the AS69-α-synuclein complex, achieving reduced aggregation in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A single K+-binding site in the crystal structure of the gastric proton pump

    Kenta Yamamoto et al.
    Crystal structures provide structural rationales for the transport stoichiometry of the gastric proton pump, which suffices the energy requirement for the generation of a million-fold proton gradient across the membrane.

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