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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Competing basal ganglia pathways determine the difference between stopping and deciding not to go

    Kyle Dunovan et al.
    A model based on the architecture of basal ganglia and validated with behavior and neuroimaging distinguishes mechanisms of action cancellation from no-go decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal role for the subthalamic nucleus in interrupting behavior

    Kathryn H Fife et al.
    Activation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) pauses or disrupts behavior, while STN inhibition reduces the disruptive effects of surprise, indicating that STN activation is both sufficient and necessary for behavioral inhibition.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Scc2/Nipbl hops between chromosomal cohesin rings after loading

    James Rhodes et al.
    The cohesin loading factor Scc2/Nipbl interacts frequently with cohesin after the loading reaction in a manner consistent with a role in stimulating loop extrusion.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 DNA predicts disease progression and post-treatment virological control

    James P Williams et al.
    Measuring HIV-1 DNA levels at the time of stopping antiretroviral therapy (when initiated during primary infection) predicts clinical progression and the time taken for plasma viraemia to become detectable.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial control of neuronal metabolism through glucose-mediated mitochondrial transport regulation

    Anamika Agrawal et al.
    A quantitative analysis of glucose-dependent transport regulation indicates that mitochondrial accumulation in regions of high nutrient availability can enhance metabolism in neuronal axons under physiologically relevant conditions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel L1CAM isoform with angiogenic activity generated by NOVA2-mediated alternative splicing

    Francesca Angiolini et al.
    Endothelial cells express a soluble isoform of the L1CAM cell adhesion molecule that is generated by the splicing factor NOVA2 and induces angiogenesis, with relevant implications for ovarian cancer vascularization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Criticality and degeneracy in injury-induced changes in primary afferent excitability and the implications for neuropathic pain

    Stéphanie Ratté et al.
    No single molecular change is uniquely necessary to cause neuropathic changes in primary afferent excitability; multiple different changes are sufficient.
    1. Medicine

    Postnatal mechanical loading drives adaptation of tissues primarily through modulation of the non-collagenous matrix

    Danae E Zamboulis et al.
    Phase-specific mechanical and proteomic analyses reveal how tendon responds to its mechanical environment during postnatal development to meet functional requirements.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Productivity loss associated with functional disability in a contemporary small-scale subsistence population

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    Adult spinal fracture substantially impairs subsistence productivity, particularly for men.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribosomal mutations promote the evolution of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug environment

    James E Gomez et al.
    Mutations in several components of a bacterial ribosome are shown to broadly decrease antibiotic and stress sensitivity, and readily accessible reversion mutations allow these ribosomal mutations to serve as stepping stones to high level antibiotic resistance.