508 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Chronic optogenetic induction of stress granules is cytotoxic and reveals the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology

    Peipei Zhang et al.
    OptoGranules reveal the function of G3BP1 as a stress granule scaffold and demonstrate that protracted stress granule assembly is sufficient to drive neurodegeneration and the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Distinct stages in stress granule assembly and disassembly

    Joshua R Wheeler et al.
    A new stress granule assembly mechanism has implications for other RNP granules and pathological aggregates.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Noroviruses subvert the core stress granule component G3BP1 to promote viral VPg-dependent translation

    Myra Hosmillo et al.
    A key cellular stress granule protein, G3BP1, is critical for efficient norovirus infection, representing the first pan-norovirus, pro-viral factor identified to date.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Promiscuous interactions and protein disaggregases determine the material state of stress-inducible RNP granules

    Sonja Kroschwald et al.
    A comparison in yeast and human cells reveals a remarkable variability in the properties of RNP granules and highlights a key role for protein disaggregation machines in regulating RNP granule assembly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of pontine and proprioceptive streams onto multimodal cerebellar granule cells

    Cheng-Chiu Huang et al.
    Individual granule cells within the cerebellum-the region of the brain that coordinates movement and supports the learning of new motor skills-receive both sensory and motor input streams: an arrangement that may help the brain to use feedback to fine-tune movement.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The small molecule ISRIB reverses the effects of eIF2α phosphorylation on translation and stress granule assembly

    Carmela Sidrauski et al.
    Building on previous work which showed that the small molecule ISRIB potently blocks the integrated stress response (Sidrauski et al., 2013), we report on ISRIB's remarkable specificity and fast action in vivo, underscoring its proposed direct effect on translation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    T2N as a new tool for robust electrophysiological modeling demonstrated for mature and adult-born dentate granule cells

    Marcel Beining et al.
    T2N, a novel interface between Matlab, TREES toolbox and NEURON, was used to generate compartmental models that reproduce the electrophysiology of dentate granule cells over a multitude of species, experimental conditions and developmental stages.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Attenuation of AMPK signaling by ROQUIN promotes T follicular helper cell formation

    Roybel R Ramiscal et al.
    The ubiquitin ligase ROQUIN cross-talks with cellular metabolic signals to generate protective T cell-dependent antibody responses.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatial control of translation repression and polarized growth by conserved NDR kinase Orb6 and RNA-binding protein Sts5

    Illyce Nuñez et al.
    NDR kinase Orb6 prevents RNP granule assembly and translational repression by promoting Sts5 association with 14-3-3 protein Rad24 to spatially control polarized cell growth.

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