3,028 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

    Rolf M Schmidt et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum stress in yeast activates not only the UPR but also Rpn4, promoting the clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol as part of a modular cross-compartment stress response.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    NADPH oxidase-mediated redox signaling promotes oxidative stress resistance and longevity through memo-1 in C. elegans

    Collin Yvès Ewald et al.
    Genetic analysis reveals NADPH oxidase generated reactive oxygen species as signals to re-establish cellular homeostasis during aging via activating a transcriptional response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Translation of 5′ leaders is pervasive in genes resistant to eIF2 repression

    Dmitry E Andreev et al.
    Most of the mRNAs whose translation is resistant to the stress-induced repression of protein synthesis contain upstream open reading frames that are efficiently translated under normal conditions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The ribosomal RNA m5C methyltransferase NSUN-1 modulates healthspan and oogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Clemens Heissenberger et al.
    In nematode worms, NSUN-1 methylates ribosomal RNA and influences phenotypes related to aging, stress resistance, germ line development, and cuticle integrity by regulating translation of specific mRNAs.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Nonlinear feedback drives homeostatic plasticity in H2O2 stress response

    Youlian Goulev et al.
    Nonlinear H2O2 scavenging by peroxiredoxins drives acquired stress resistance and replicative lifespan hormesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribosomal mutations promote the evolution of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug environment

    James E Gomez et al.
    Mutations in several components of a bacterial ribosome are shown to broadly decrease antibiotic and stress sensitivity, and readily accessible reversion mutations allow these ribosomal mutations to serve as stepping stones to high level antibiotic resistance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-inducible factor cell non-autonomously regulates C. elegans stress responses and behavior via a nuclear receptor

    Corinne L Pender, H Robert Horvitz
    The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF drives transcription of the gene cyp-36A1, which encodes a cytochrome P450 enzyme that acts via a putative intercellular signal to regulate the nuclear receptor NHR-46 and consequently stress resistance and behavior.
    1. Plant Biology

    Identification and characterisation of hypomethylated DNA loci controlling quantitative resistance in Arabidopsis

    Leonardo Furci et al.
    Analysis of epigenetic recombinant inbred lines of Arabidopsis identified four hypomethylated DNA loci controlling quantitative disease resistance, which is associated with genome-wide priming of defence genes without affecting plant growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Remodeling of whole-body lipid metabolism and a diabetic-like phenotype caused by loss of CDK1 and hepatocyte division

    Jin Rong Ow et al.
    Loss of hepatic Cdk1 leads to oxidative stress, increased fatty acids in blood, and hyperinsulinemia, which resulted in insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, similar as in diabetes.
    1. Cell Biology

    CB1R regulates soluble leptin receptor levels via CHOP, contributing to hepatic leptin resistance

    Adi Drori et al.
    The hepatic endocannabinoid/CB1R system controls the soluble leptin receptor’s expression and/or subsequent release by Trib3-induced regulation of C/EBP homologous protein levels in hepatocytes to affect leptin signaling in the liver.

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