2,942 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative H2S-mediated protein sulfhydration reveals metabolic reprogramming during the integrated stress response

    Xing-Huang Gao et al.
    ATF4, the master regulator of transcription during the Integrated Stress Response (ISR), causes global changes in cysteine sulfhydration of proteins and this event causes cellular metabolic reprogramming.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Pharmacological dimerization and activation of the exchange factor eIF2B antagonizes the integrated stress response

    Carmela Sidrauski et al.
    A drug-like molecule called ISRIB, which activates the translation initiation factor eIF2B, antagonizes stress responses as diverse as protein misfolding and nutrient deprivation, and restores protein synthesis, enhancing memory.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Actin dynamics tune the integrated stress response by regulating eukaryotic initiation factor 2α dephosphorylation

    Joseph E Chambers et al.
    Monomeric actin forms a crucial component of the eIF2α holophosphatase linking the integrated stress response to actin polymeric status.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cap-proximal nucleotides via differential eIF4E binding and alternative promoter usage mediate translational response to energy stress

    Ana Tamarkin-Ben-Harush et al.
    Differential eIF4E binding to transcription initiation nucleotides and alternative promoter usage of eIF1A, PABP and other genes are involved in the response of the translation machinery to energy stress.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A genetic program mediates cold-warming response and promotes stress-induced phenoptosis in C. elegans

    Wei Jiang et al.
    A gene regulatory program regulating thermal stress response and organismic death.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    DNA Replication: A new role for a tumor-suppressing protein

    Jeremy S Setton, Simon N Powell
    In addition to its role in preventing tumors, the protein p53 appears to participate in a DNA repair process known as the replication-stress response.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals

    Debashish Bhattacharya et al.
    The analysis of 20 coral genomic datasets provides unprecedented insights into what makes reef-building corals unique, including the evolution of novel gene families involved in biomineralization, signaling and stress responses that have led to their evolutionary success throughout the Phanerozoic Eon.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Msn2/4 regulate expression of glycolytic enzymes and control transition from quiescence to growth

    Zheng Kuang et al.
    General stress response factors Msn2 and Msn4 activate glycolytic genes and promote acetyl-CoA accumulation to stimulate growth and proliferation of yeast cells under a nutrient-limiting condition, suggesting the unexpected interrelationship between carbohydrate metabolism and stress response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unfolded protein-induced conformational switch activates mammalian IRE1

    G Elif Karagöz et al.
    ER-stress sensing mechanism of the unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1 is conserved from yeast to mammals, where in mammals, unfolded protein binding to IRE1's ER lumenal domain is coupled to its oligomerization and activation through an allosteric conformational change.
    1. Cell Biology

    Experimental reconstitution of chronic ER stress in the liver reveals feedback suppression of BiP mRNA expression

    Javier A Gomez, D Thomas Rutkowski
    Feedback mechanisms that contribute to the deactivation of the unfolded protein response lead to the dysregulation of mRNA expression during chronic stress in the liver, including that of the critical endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP.

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