4,833 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

    Rolf M Schmidt et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum stress in yeast activates not only the UPR but also Rpn4, promoting the clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol as part of a modular cross-compartment stress response.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Distinct mitochondrial defects trigger the integrated stress response depending on the metabolic state of the cell

    Eran Mick et al.
    Mitochondrial electron transport chain dysfunction triggers the integrated stress response due to an asparagine deficiency downstream of impaired NADH oxidation in proliferating myoblasts, but not in differentiated myotubes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Pharmacological dimerization and activation of the exchange factor eIF2B antagonizes the integrated stress response

    Carmela Sidrauski et al.
    A drug-like molecule called ISRIB, which activates the translation initiation factor eIF2B, antagonizes stress responses as diverse as protein misfolding and nutrient deprivation, and restores protein synthesis, enhancing memory.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Actin dynamics tune the integrated stress response by regulating eukaryotic initiation factor 2α dephosphorylation

    Joseph E Chambers et al.
    Monomeric actin forms a crucial component of the eIF2α holophosphatase linking the integrated stress response to actin polymeric status.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Distinct transcriptional responses elicited by unfolded nuclear or cytoplasmic protein in mammalian cells

    Yusuke Miyazaki et al.
    A new unfolded protein response has been discovered that is distinct from the heat shock response and protects mammalian cells from proteotoxic stress.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    New insights into the cellular temporal response to proteostatic stress

    Justin Rendleman et al.
    A time-resolved analysis of protein and RNA concentrations and interactions during proteostasis stress highlights the dominant role of translation regulation and a shift of energy metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Multiplexed proteomics of autophagy-deficient murine macrophages reveals enhanced antimicrobial immunity via the oxidative stress response

    Timurs Maculins et al.
    Multiplexed mass spectrometry shows how the autophagy gene Atg16l1 regulates macrophage innate immunity against intracellular bacterial pathogens by modulating basal oxidative stress responses.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3 threonine 11 phosphorylation by Sch9 and CK2 regulates chronological lifespan by controlling the nutritional stress response

    Seunghee Oh et al.
    Histone H3T11 phosphorylation regulates chronological lifespan by linking nutritional stress-response signals to chromatin.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MARCH5 mediates NOXA-dependent MCL1 degradation driven by kinase inhibitors and integrated stress response activation

    Seiji Arai et al.
    MARCH5 mediates a pathway driving MCL1 degradation in response to cellular stress, which sensitizes to BH3 mimetic drugs targeting BCLXL and provides a broadly effective therapeutic strategy for solid tumors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative H2S-mediated protein sulfhydration reveals metabolic reprogramming during the integrated stress response

    Xing-Huang Gao et al.
    ATF4, the master regulator of transcription during the Integrated Stress Response (ISR), causes global changes in cysteine sulfhydration of proteins and this event causes cellular metabolic reprogramming.

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