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    1. Neuroscience

    A comprehensive excitatory input map of the striatum reveals novel functional organization

    Barbara J Hunnicutt et al.
    The first comprehensive map of all excitatory inputs to the mouse striatum is presented and used to define and demarcate striatal subdivisions, including a previous unappreciated novel subdivision in the posterior striatum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open cortico-basal ganglia loop allows limbic control over motor output via the nigrothalamic pathway

    Sho Aoki et al.
    A novel connection from ventral striatum to motor cortex enables emotion and motivation to influence action and motor control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypothalamic melanin concentrating hormone neurons communicate the nutrient value of sugar

    Ana I Domingos et al.
    Natural sugars are preferred over artificial sweeteners because of their nutritional content, which is sensed by MCH neurons in the lateral hypothalamus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic, not striatal, activity correlates with basal ganglia downstream activity in normal and parkinsonian monkeys

    Marc Deffains et al.
    The spiking activity of the subthalamic nucleus, rather than the activity of striatal projection neurons, orchestrates basal ganglia downstream activity and output commands in health and Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two-photon imaging in mice shows striosomes and matrix have overlapping but differential reinforcement-related responses

    Bernard Bloem et al.
    Simultaneous 2-photon imaging of striosomes and matrix in mice shows that striosomes preferentially encode reward-predicting cues whereas both striatal compartments demonstrate reward-related activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanism for differential recruitment of orbitostriatal transmission during actions and outcomes following chronic alcohol exposure

    Rafael Renteria et al.
    Chronic alcohol exposure results in a long-lasting, enhanced endocannabinoid signalling at orbitostriatal synapses that is expressed in a projection-, synapse-, and behaviorally computation-specific manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disruption of Nrxn1α within excitatory forebrain circuits drives value-based dysfunction

    Opeyemi O Alabi et al.
    Disruption of the disease-associated synaptic adhesion molecule Neurexin1a in cortical excitatory neurons perturbs decision making and disrupts value-associated neural activity in downstream striatal circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    NINscope, a versatile miniscope for multi-region circuit investigations

    Andres de Groot et al.
    A light-weight, compact and open-source miniaturized fluorescence microscope integrates dual region brain imaging, optogenetic stimulation and behavioral parsing using an accelerometer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sexual dimorphism in striatal dopaminergic responses promotes monogamy in social songbirds

    Kirill Tokarev et al.
    Co-evolution of sexually dimorphic reinforcement systems for song can explain the coexistence of the seemingly contradictory traits of gregariousness and monogamy in social songbirds.