11 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Opponent regulation of action performance and timing by striatonigral and striatopallidal pathways

    Konstantin I Bakhurin et al.
    Direct and indirect pathways in the basal ganglia have opposing effects not only on action performance but also on internal timing of expected reward delivery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition of striatonigral autophagy as a link between cannabinoid intoxication and impairment of motor coordination

    Cristina Blázquez et al.
    Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol impairs motor coordination in mice by inhibiting autophagy in the striatonigral pathway, thus defining a new conceptual view of how cannabis acts in the brain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cholinergic feedback circuit to regulate striatal population uncertainty and optimize reinforcement learning

    Nicholas T Franklin, Michael J Frank
    Computational modeling suggests that feedback between striatal cholinergic neurons and spiny neurons dynamically adjusts learning rates to optimize behavior in a variable world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations in the intrinsic properties of striatal cholinergic interneurons after dopamine lesion and chronic L-DOPA

    Se Joon Choi et al.
    HCN and SK channel currents in striatal cholinergic neurons are decreased with dopamine loss, but only HCN is restored by chronic L-DOPA and SK abnormality persists in dyskinesia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal adenosine A2A receptor neurons control active-period sleep via parvalbumin neurons in external globus pallidus

    Xiang-Shan Yuan et al.
    Rostral and central striatum controls slow-wave sleep during active phase in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open cortico-basal ganglia loop allows limbic control over motor output via the nigrothalamic pathway

    Sho Aoki et al.
    A novel connection from ventral striatum to motor cortex enables emotion and motivation to influence action and motor control.
    1. Neuroscience

    The inhibitory microcircuit of the substantia nigra provides feedback gain control of the basal ganglia output

    Jennifer Brown et al.
    Negative feedback signals within the substantia nigra regulate the output of the basal ganglia, with implications for disorders such as Parkinson's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Loss of the transcription factor Meis1 prevents sympathetic neurons target-field innervation and increases susceptibility to sudden cardiac death

    Fabrice Bouilloux et al.
    The transcription factor Meis1 is a dedicated maintenance factor for sympathetic neurons and controls the expression of key genes involved in endosome trafficking.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Correct setup of the substantia nigra requires Reelin-mediated fast, laterally-directed migration of dopaminergic neurons

    Ankita Ravi Vaswani et al.
    The first comprehensive insight into speed, trajectory and morphology profiles of tangentially migrating dopaminergic neurons and the alterations in their migratory behavior in absence of Reelin signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stable G protein-effector complexes in striatal neurons: mechanism of assembly and role in neurotransmitter signaling

    Keqiang Xie et al.
    A G protein in striatal neurons forms preassembled complexes with its downstream enzyme, adenylyl cyclase, which has implications for the pathophysiology of movement disorders.

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