In transgenesis assays involving diploid model organisms, two clearly distinguishable transformation markers embedded in interweaved, but incompatible Lox site pairs allow the systematic creation of homozygous transgenic lines and minimize the number of wasted animals.
To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
A distinct resident macrophage subpopulation that localizes to the adipose stroma and fibrous capsule of the nulliparous mammary gland and to extracellular matrix-enriched stroma surrounding mammary tumors is identified.
The crystal structure of human WIPI2 bound to the ATG16L1 WIPI2-interacting region, combined with in vitro reconstitution and cellular autophagy assays, shows how the LC3 lipidation machinery is recruited in autophagy initiation.
Distinct brain states govern resting state functional architecture revealed by neurophysiologically defined simultaneous optic-fiber-based calcium recordings and task-free functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in rats.
Matrix metalloproteinases play a crucial role in adult visual plasticity in the brains of healthy and stroke-affected mice and their activity has to be within a narrow window for experience-induced plasticity to occur.