6,563 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational dynamics of the nucleotide binding domains and the power stroke of a heterodimeric ABC transporter

    Smriti Mishra et al.
    The conformational cycle of an ABC heterodimeric transporter reveals a divergence in the structural mechanism of ABC exporters.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Novel RNA and DNA strand exchange activity of the PALB2 DNA binding domain and its critical role for DNA repair in cells

    Jaigeeth Deveryshetty et al.
    Biochemical studies revealed novel property of human tumor suppressor PALB2, which significantly contribute into DNA repair in cells and can be targeted for the development of novel anticancer treatment.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for DNA 5´-end resection by RecJ

    Kaiying Cheng et al.
    A structural investigation reveals details of the mechanism by which the nuclease RecJ processes DNA ends to repair double strand breaks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single molecule mechanics resolves the earliest events in force generation by cardiac myosin

    Michael S Woody et al.
    Cardiac myosin converts energy from ATP into mechanical work by transitioning from a short-lived force-bearing state, to a post working stroke state before the release of inorganic phosphate.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Light-based tuning of ligand half-life supports kinetic proofreading model of T cell signaling

    Doug K Tischer, Orion David Weiner
    Direct control of ligand binding half-life with light shows that lifetime strongly affects T cell signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Covalent linkage of the DNA repair template to the CRISPR-Cas9 nuclease enhances homology-directed repair

    Natasa Savic et al.
    Linking the DNA repair template to the Cas9 ribonucleoprotein complex enhances homology-directed repair of the induced DNA double strand break.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Side-binding proteins modulate actin filament dynamics

    Alvaro H Crevenna et al.
    The kinetics of actin polymerization are strongly influenced by the binding of proteins to the lateral filament surface.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ATR/Mec1 prevents lethal meiotic recombination initiation on partially replicated chromosomes in budding yeast

    Hannah G Blitzblau, Andreas Hochwagen
    During meiosis, budding yeast use a checkpoint involving the protein Mec1 to prevent the formation of double-strand breaks in DNA that has not completed replication.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The RNF168 paralog RNF169 defines a new class of ubiquitylated histone reader involved in the response to DNA damage

    Julianne Kitevski-LeBlanc et al.
    A structural model of the dynamic complex comprising the histone reader RNF169 bound to an ubiquitylated nucleosome core particle reveals a three-pronged binding mechanism, which provides specificity for the recognition of DNA double-strand break sites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Characterization of human translesion DNA synthesis across a UV-induced DNA lesion

    Mark Hedglin et al.
    Quantitative binding and kinetic assays on DNA polymerases η and δ define the mechanism for polymerase exchange during human translesion DNA synthesis across a UV-induced lesion on the lagging strand.

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