1,567 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Regulation of RUVBL1-RUVBL2 AAA-ATPases by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay factor DHX34, as evidenced by Cryo-EM

    Andres López-Perrote et al.
    Cryo-EM reveals the regulation of RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 AAA-ATPases by DHX34, a helicase involved in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), and suggests mechanisms for how RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 function in NMD.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Synergy between Wsp1 and Dip1 may initiate assembly of endocytic actin networks

    Connor J Balzer et al.
    An activator of branching nucleation by Arp2/3 complex directly synergizes with an activator of linear filament nucleation to initiate assembly of actin networks that drive endocytosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    3D in situ imaging of the female reproductive tract reveals molecular signatures of fertilizing spermatozoa in mice

    Lukas Ded et al.
    Fertilizing mouse spermatozoa, characterized by intact CatSper channels, lack of protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and reacted acrosomes, in the female reproductive tract provide molecular insight into sperm selection for successful fertilization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Curvature domains in V4 of macaque monkey

    Jia Ming Hu et al.
    There is a systematic functional organization for curvature representation in area V4 where specific curvatures are encoded by unique values (modules) from the set of systematically represented values.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A physical mechanism of TANGO1-mediated bulky cargo export

    Ishier Raote et al.
    TANGO1 functions as a linactant filament to stabilize shallow COPII-coated buds, and after which membrane tension regulation, possibly mediated by TANGO1-controlled membrane fusion, facilitates bud elongation for procollagen export.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal eye field and caudate neurons make different contributions to reward-biased perceptual decisions

    Yunshu Fan et al.
    In monkeys making decisions that balance noisy evidence and reward expectation, frontal cortical and caudate activity reflect different computational components that are related to the monkeys' strategy.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metapopulation ecology links antibiotic resistance, consumption, and patient transfers in a network of hospital wards

    Julie Teresa Shapiro et al.
    Patterns of antibiotic use and the connectivity between wards are independently associated with the incidence of antimicrobial-resistant infections in hospital networks.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for SARM1 inhibition and activation under energetic stress

    Michael Sporny et al.
    Cryo-EM shows that the NADase activity of SARM1 is allosterically inhibited by physiological concentrations of NAD+ that stabilizes an auto-inhibited conformation of SARM1, explaining how NAD+ depletion may inflict neurodegeneration.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Efficient mate finding in planktonic copepods swimming in turbulence

    François-Gaël Michalec et al.
    Calanoid copepods achieve efficient mate finding in turbulence through active swimming and turbulence advection, indicating that reproduction is not restricted to spatial and temporal windows of calm hydrodynamic conditions.

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