1,950 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of the COPII transport-vesicle coat assembled on membranes

    Giulia Zanetti et al.
    A structure of the complete, membrane bound, COPII coat solved by sub-tomogram averaging reveals the arrangement of all protein subunits on the membrane and suggests a mechanism for coating heterogeneously-shaped carriers.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The cryo-EM structure of a 12-subunit variant of RNA polymerase I reveals dissociation of the A49-A34.5 heterodimer and rearrangement of subunit A12.2

    Lucas Tafur et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of RNA polymerase I reveal considerable 'transformers-like' rearrangements where one subcomplex dissociates and is replaced by one domain of another subunit, possibly as an additional layer of transcriptional control.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans

    Pille Hallast et al.
    In addition to its academic merits, characterizing the genetic determinants of male (in)fertility and identifying clinically actionable genetic variants can lead to improved diagnosis or even treatment of such conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Structural rearrangement of amyloid-β upon inhibitor binding suppresses formation of Alzheimer’s disease related oligomers

    Tobias Lieblein et al.
    Monitoring the formation of two distinct arrangements in early amyloid-ß aggregation by mass spectrometry and ion mobility allows determination of the effect of potential drug candidates.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the chromatin remodelling enzyme Chd1 bound to a ubiquitinylated nucleosome

    Ramasubramanian Sundaramoorthy et al.
    The unwrapping two turns of DNA on Chd1-bound nucleosomes cause the histone H3 tail and ubiquitin to be re-positioned.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of Ca2+-dependent activation and lipid transport by a TMEM16 scramblase

    Maria E Falzone et al.
    Structures of a TMEM16 phospholipid scramblase reveal that its Ca2+-dependent activation entails global conformational changes and how these rearrangements affect the membrane to enable transbilayer lipid transfer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Extensive ribosome and RF2 rearrangements during translation termination

    Egor Svidritskiy et al.
    Ensemble cryo-EM visualizes how structural rearrangements poise the newly made protein and release factor RF2 to dissociate in preparation for ribosome recycling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The flagellar motor of Vibrio alginolyticus undergoes major structural remodeling during rotational switching

    Brittany L Carroll et al.
    In situ structures of the flagellar motors genetically docked in CCW and CW rotational states reveal major rearrangement that facilitates rotational switch in Vibrio alginolyticus..
    1. Neuroscience

    The self-organization of grid cells in 3D

    Federico Stella, Alessandro Treves
    A computational model for the formation of neural networks of grid cells in virtual bats suggests that the highly ordered networks presumed to support spatial navigation in two dimensions cannot be routinely established in three-dimensional space.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ebola and Marburg virus matrix layers are locally ordered assemblies of VP40 dimers

    William Wan et al.
    Cryo-electron tomography reveals the structure and arrangement of the VP40 matrix protein lattice that mediates the formation of Ebola and Marburg virus particles.

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