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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of chiral proofreading during translation of the genetic code

    Sadeem Ahmad et al.
    Structural biology has elucidated the mechanism of a configuration-specific enzyme that decouples D-amino acids from the translational machinery and, therefore, is involved in the enforcement of homochirality during protein synthesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIE-scope, integrated cryo-correlative light and FIB/SEM microscopy

    Sergey Gorelick et al.
    The PIE-scope resolves the limitations in correlative cryo-focused ion beam milling by adding robustness and ease of use to the workflow.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of malodour precursor transport in the human axilla

    Gurdeep S Minhas et al.
    Discovery of the structural basis for recognition and uptake of a human precursor for body odour production reveals an important role for bacterial peptide transport and novel routes to prevent its production in humans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Peptidisc, a simple method for stabilizing membrane proteins in detergent-free solution

    Michael Luke Carlson et al.
    A simple, yet elegant method for robust self-assembly of diverse membrane proteins into soluble peptide nanoparticles for their structural and functional analysis in detergent-free solutions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of interprotein electron transfer in bacterial sulfite oxidation

    Aaron P McGrath et al.
    A structural and functional analysis of the electron transfer complex between a sulfite oxidase and its redox protein partner reveals an elegant compromise between the requirements for fast and efficient electron transfer and reaction specificity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tandem hnRNP A1 RNA recognition motifs act in concert to repress the splicing of survival motor neuron exon 7

    Irene Beusch et al.
    The structural model of hnRNP A1 shows that it can bind with both RRMs to RNA, which is shown to be relevant for the SMN2 exon 7 splicing mechanism in vivo.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for pharmacological modulation of the TRPC6 channel

    Yonghong Bai et al.
    Novel drug-binding sites of TRPC6 could potentially facilitate future design of drugs to treat TRPC6-mediated diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of opening and closing of the bacterial replicative helicase

    Jillian Chase et al.
    Analysis of the Escherichia coli DnaB helicase•bacteriophage λ helicase loader (λP) complex provides insights into helicase opening, delivery to the origin and ssDNA entry, and closing in preparation for translocation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Nucleocapsid assembly in pneumoviruses is regulated by conformational switching of the N protein

    Max Renner et al.
    A structural comparison of different states of the protein responsible for encapsidation of the viral RNA genome provides mechanistic insights into this process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for the disaggregase activity and regulation of Hsp104

    Alexander Heuck et al.
    Protein disaggregases employ two mechanically-linked ATPase rings that are under steric control by a wrapped-around coiled-coil belt.