5,112 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Social structure learning in human anterior insula

    Tatiana Lau et al.
    A domain-general structure learning mechanism, supported by anterior insula, moves beyond explicit category labels and dyadic similarity as the sole inputs to social group representations and predicts ally-choice behavior.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structured illumination microscopy combined with machine learning enables the high throughput analysis and classification of virus structure

    Romain F Laine et al.
    Machine learning in conjunction with super-resolution imaging allows for the first time to quantitatively analyse large and heterogenous virus samples structure at a high throughput and specificity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural structure mapping in human probabilistic reward learning

    Fabrice Luyckx et al.
    During learning, human neural codes for experienced reward probability map onto the same mental number line for symbolic numbers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nostril-specific and structure-based olfactory learning of chiral discrimination in human adults

    Guo Feng, Wen Zhou
    Training-induced perceptual gain in the discrimination between odor enantiomers is nostril-specific and structure-based, indicating that early olfactory processing of the chemical features of unirhinal input remains plastic in human adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    CA1 cell activity sequences emerge after reorganization of network correlation structure during associative learning

    Mehrab N Modi et al.
    As mice learn to associate events separated in time, neurons within the CA1 region of the hippocampus progressively reorganize their firing patterns, leading to a relay of cellular activity that bridges the two events.
    1. Neuroscience

    Translational control of auditory imprinting and structural plasticity by eIF2α

    Gervasio Batista et al.
    Behavioral pharmacology and molecular biology reveal a translational control mechanism underlying auditory imprinting and structural plasticity that can be pharmacologically manipulated to reopen the critical period.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Bottom-up and top-down neural signatures of disordered multi-talker speech perception in adults with normal hearing

    Aravindakshan Parthasarathy et al.
    Ear canal EEG and pupillometry reveal disordered temporal processing in adults with normal hearing who struggle to understand conversations in noisy backgrounds.
    1. Neuroscience

    In vivo assessment of the neural substrate linked with vocal imitation accuracy

    Julie Hamaide et al.
    Song learning accuracy can be predicted and traced in the structural properties of the brains of juvenile male zebra finches already at 20 days post-hatching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncovering temporal structure in hippocampal output patterns

    Kourosh Maboudi et al.
    Machine learning models of coordinated hippocampal ensemble activity during sharp wave ripple activity encode structure that mirrors the place cell map expressed during exploration, and enable a new paradigm for analyzing and understanding this offline activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.

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